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Title: The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment

The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of ν¯e oscillations over km-baselines. Subsequent data has provided the world's most precise measurement of sin 213 and the effective mass splitting Δm 2 ee. The experiment is located in Daya Bay, China where the cluster of six nuclear reactors is among the world's most prolific sources of electron antineutrinos. Multiple antineutrino detectors are deployed in three underground water pools at different distances from the reactor cores to search for deviations in the antineutrino rate and energy spectrum due to neutrino mixing. Instrumented with photomultiplier tubes, the water pools serve as shielding against natural radioactivity from the surrounding rock and provide efficient muon tagging. Arrays of resistive plate chambers over the top of each pool provide additional muon detection. The antineutrino detectors were specifically designed for measurements of the antineutrino flux with minimal systematic uncertainty. Relative detector efficiencies between the near and far detectors are known to better than 0.2%. With the unblinding of the final two detectors’ baselines and target masses, a complete description and comparison of the eight antineutrino detectors can now be presented. This studymore » describes the Daya Bay detector systems, consisting of eight antineutrino detectors in three instrumented water pools in three underground halls, and their operation through the first year of eight detector data-taking.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-111988-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; R&D Project: PO-022; KA2201020
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 811; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
Daya Bay Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Daya Bay Collaboration; neutrino oscillation; neutrino mixing; reactor; Daya Bay
OSTI Identifier:
1246805
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1251784; OSTI ID: 1456934

An, F. P., Bai, J. Z., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beavis, D., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Brown, R. L., Butorov, I., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Carr, R., Cen, W. R., Chan, W. T., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H. Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, M. J., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. J., Chen, S. M., Chen, X. C., Chen, X. H., Chen, X. S., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, J. H., Cheng, J., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chidzik, S., Chow, K., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, X. F., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dong, L., Dove, J., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fang, S. D., Fu, J. Y., Fu, Z. W., Ge, L. Q., Ghazikhanian, V., Gill, R., Goett, J., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gornushkin, Y. A., Grassi, M., Greenler, L. S., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, R. P., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Hahn, R. L., Han, R., Hans, S., He, M., He, Q., He, W. S., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hinrichs, P., Ho, T. H., Hoff, M., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H. Z., Huang, H. X., Huang, P. W., Huang, X., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiang, W. Q., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Joseph, J., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, C. Y., Lai, W. C., Lai, W. H., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, M. K. P., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, B., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, J., Li, N. Y., Li, Q. J., Li, S. F., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. B., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Liang, J., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. X., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, B. J., Liu, C., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S., Liu, S. S., Liu, X., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, A., Luk, K. B., Luo, T., Luo, X. L., Ma, L. H., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., Mayes, B., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Mohapatra, D., Monari Kebwaro, J., Morgan, J. E., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Newsom, C., Ngai, H. Y., Ngai, W. K., Nie, Y. B., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pagac, A., Pan, H. -R., Patton, S., Pearson, C., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Sands, W. R., Seilhan, B., Shao, B. B., Shih, K., Song, W. Y., Steiner, H., Stoler, P., Stuart, M., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tagg, N., Tam, Y. H., Tanaka, H. K., Tang, W., Tang, X., Taychenachev, D., Themann, H., Torun, Y., Trentalange, S., Tsai, O., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Virostek, S., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, L. Z., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, T., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X. T., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Wenman, D. L., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Whitten, C. A., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Wong, H. C., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, J., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, F. F., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xiang, S. T., Xiao, Q., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, G., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, W., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. G., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Yip, K., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, K., Zhang, Q. X., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y. F., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, N., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., Zimmerman, S., and Zou, J. H.. The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.11.144.
An, F. P., Bai, J. Z., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beavis, D., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Brown, R. L., Butorov, I., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Carr, R., Cen, W. R., Chan, W. T., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H. Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, M. J., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. J., Chen, S. M., Chen, X. C., Chen, X. H., Chen, X. S., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, J. H., Cheng, J., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chidzik, S., Chow, K., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, X. F., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dong, L., Dove, J., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fang, S. D., Fu, J. Y., Fu, Z. W., Ge, L. Q., Ghazikhanian, V., Gill, R., Goett, J., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gornushkin, Y. A., Grassi, M., Greenler, L. S., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, R. P., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Hahn, R. L., Han, R., Hans, S., He, M., He, Q., He, W. S., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hinrichs, P., Ho, T. H., Hoff, M., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H. Z., Huang, H. X., Huang, P. W., Huang, X., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiang, W. Q., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Joseph, J., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, C. Y., Lai, W. C., Lai, W. H., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, M. K. P., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, B., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, J., Li, N. Y., Li, Q. J., Li, S. F., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. B., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Liang, J., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. X., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, B. J., Liu, C., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S., Liu, S. S., Liu, X., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, A., Luk, K. B., Luo, T., Luo, X. L., Ma, L. H., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., Mayes, B., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Mohapatra, D., Monari Kebwaro, J., Morgan, J. E., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Newsom, C., Ngai, H. Y., Ngai, W. K., Nie, Y. B., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pagac, A., Pan, H. -R., Patton, S., Pearson, C., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Sands, W. R., Seilhan, B., Shao, B. B., Shih, K., Song, W. Y., Steiner, H., Stoler, P., Stuart, M., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tagg, N., Tam, Y. H., Tanaka, H. K., Tang, W., Tang, X., Taychenachev, D., Themann, H., Torun, Y., Trentalange, S., Tsai, O., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Virostek, S., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, L. Z., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, T., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X. T., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Wenman, D. L., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Whitten, C. A., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Wong, H. C., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, J., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, F. F., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xiang, S. T., Xiao, Q., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, G., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, W., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. G., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Yip, K., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, K., Zhang, Q. X., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y. F., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, N., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., Zimmerman, S., & Zou, J. H.. The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.11.144.
An, F. P., Bai, J. Z., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Beavis, D., Beriguete, W., Bishai, M., Blyth, S., Brown, R. L., Butorov, I., Cao, D., Cao, G. F., Cao, J., Carr, R., Cen, W. R., Chan, W. T., Chan, Y. L., Chang, J. F., Chang, L. C., Chang, Y., Chasman, C., Chen, H. Y., Chen, H. S., Chen, M. J., Chen, Q. Y., Chen, S. J., Chen, S. M., Chen, X. C., Chen, X. H., Chen, X. S., Chen, Y. X., Chen, Y., Cheng, J. H., Cheng, J., Cheng, Y. P., Cherwinka, J. J., Chidzik, S., Chow, K., Chu, M. C., Cummings, J. P., de Arcos, J., Deng, Z. Y., Ding, X. F., Ding, Y. Y., Diwan, M. V., Dong, L., Dove, J., Draeger, E., Du, X. F., Dwyer, D. A., Edwards, W. R., Ely, S. R., Fang, S. D., Fu, J. Y., Fu, Z. W., Ge, L. Q., Ghazikhanian, V., Gill, R., Goett, J., Gonchar, M., Gong, G. H., Gong, H., Gornushkin, Y. A., Grassi, M., Greenler, L. S., Gu, W. Q., Guan, M. Y., Guo, R. P., Guo, X. H., Hackenburg, R. W., Hahn, R. L., Han, R., Hans, S., He, M., He, Q., He, W. S., Heeger, K. M., Heng, Y. K., Higuera, A., Hinrichs, P., Ho, T. H., Hoff, M., Hor, Y. K., Hsiung, Y. B., Hu, B. Z., Hu, L. M., Hu, L. J., Hu, T., Hu, W., Huang, E. C., Huang, H. Z., Huang, H. X., Huang, P. W., Huang, X., Huang, X. T., Huber, P., Hussain, G., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., Jaffke, P., Jen, K. L., Jetter, S., Ji, X. P., Ji, X. L., Jiang, H. J., Jiang, W. Q., Jiao, J. B., Johnson, R. A., Joseph, J., Kang, L., Kettell, S. H., Kohn, S., Kramer, M., Kwan, K. K., Kwok, M. W., Kwok, T., Lai, C. Y., Lai, W. C., Lai, W. H., Langford, T. J., Lau, K., Lebanowski, L., Lee, J., Lee, M. K. P., Lei, R. T., Leitner, R., Leung, J. K. C., Lewis, C. A., Li, B., Li, C., Li, D. J., Li, F., Li, G. S., Li, J., Li, N. Y., Li, Q. J., Li, S. F., Li, S. C., Li, W. D., Li, X. B., Li, X. N., Li, X. Q., Li, Y., Li, Y. F., Li, Z. B., Liang, H., Liang, J., Lin, C. J., Lin, G. L., Lin, P. Y., Lin, S. X., Lin, S. K., Lin, Y. C., Ling, J. J., Link, J. M., Littenberg, L., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, B. J., Liu, C., Liu, D. W., Liu, H., Liu, J. L., Liu, J. C., Liu, S., Liu, S. S., Liu, X., Liu, Y. B., Lu, C., Lu, H. Q., Lu, J. S., Luk, A., Luk, K. B., Luo, T., Luo, X. L., Ma, L. H., Ma, Q. M., Ma, X. Y., Ma, X. B., Ma, Y. Q., Mayes, B., McDonald, K. T., McFarlane, M. C., McKeown, R. D., Meng, Y., Mitchell, I., Mohapatra, D., Monari Kebwaro, J., Morgan, J. E., Nakajima, Y., Napolitano, J., Naumov, D., Naumova, E., Newsom, C., Ngai, H. Y., Ngai, W. K., Nie, Y. B., Ning, Z., Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P., Olshevskiy, A., Pagac, A., Pan, H. -R., Patton, S., Pearson, C., Pec, V., Peng, J. C., Piilonen, L. E., Pinsky, L., Pun, C. S. J., Qi, F. Z., Qi, M., Qian, X., Raper, N., Ren, B., Ren, J., Rosero, R., Roskovec, B., Ruan, X. C., Sands, W. R., Seilhan, B., Shao, B. B., Shih, K., Song, W. Y., Steiner, H., Stoler, P., Stuart, M., Sun, G. X., Sun, J. L., Tagg, N., Tam, Y. H., Tanaka, H. K., Tang, W., Tang, X., Taychenachev, D., Themann, H., Torun, Y., Trentalange, S., Tsai, O., Tsang, K. V., Tsang, R. H. M., Tull, C. E., Tung, Y. C., Viaux, N., Viren, B., Virostek, S., Vorobel, V., Wang, C. H., Wang, L. S., Wang, L. Y., Wang, L. Z., Wang, M., Wang, N. Y., Wang, R. G., Wang, T., Wang, W., Wang, W. W., Wang, X. T., Wang, X., Wang, Y. F., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z. M., Webber, D. M., Wei, H. Y., Wei, Y. D., Wen, L. J., Wenman, D. L., Whisnant, K., White, C. G., Whitehead, L., Whitten, C. A., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Wong, H. C., Wong, H. L. H., Wong, J., Wong, S. C. F., Worcester, E., Wu, F. F., Wu, Q., Xia, D. M., Xia, J. K., Xiang, S. T., Xiao, Q., Xing, Z. Z., Xu, G., Xu, J. Y., Xu, J. L., Xu, J., Xu, W., Xu, Y., Xue, T., Yan, J., Yang, C. G., Yang, L., Yang, M. S., Yang, M. T., Ye, M., Yeh, M., Yeh, Y. S., Yip, K., Young, B. L., Yu, G. Y., Yu, Z. Y., Zeng, S., Zhan, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, F. H., Zhang, H. H., Zhang, J. W., Zhang, K., Zhang, Q. X., Zhang, Q. M., Zhang, S. H., Zhang, X. T., Zhang, Y. C., Zhang, Y. H., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Y. X., Zhang, Y. M., Zhang, Z. J., Zhang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Zhao, J., Zhao, Q. W., Zhao, Y. F., Zhao, Y. B., Zheng, L., Zhong, W. L., Zhou, L., Zhou, N., Zhou, Z. Y., Zhuang, H. L., Zimmerman, S., and Zou, J. H.. 2015. "The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.11.144. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1246805.
@article{osti_1246805,
title = {The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment},
author = {An, F. P. and Bai, J. Z. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Beavis, D. and Beriguete, W. and Bishai, M. and Blyth, S. and Brown, R. L. and Butorov, I. and Cao, D. and Cao, G. F. and Cao, J. and Carr, R. and Cen, W. R. and Chan, W. T. and Chan, Y. L. and Chang, J. F. and Chang, L. C. and Chang, Y. and Chasman, C. and Chen, H. Y. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, M. J. and Chen, Q. Y. and Chen, S. J. and Chen, S. M. and Chen, X. C. and Chen, X. H. and Chen, X. S. and Chen, Y. X. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, J. H. and Cheng, J. and Cheng, Y. P. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chidzik, S. and Chow, K. and Chu, M. C. and Cummings, J. P. and de Arcos, J. and Deng, Z. Y. and Ding, X. F. and Ding, Y. Y. and Diwan, M. V. and Dong, L. and Dove, J. and Draeger, E. and Du, X. F. and Dwyer, D. A. and Edwards, W. R. and Ely, S. R. and Fang, S. D. and Fu, J. Y. and Fu, Z. W. and Ge, L. Q. and Ghazikhanian, V. and Gill, R. and Goett, J. and Gonchar, M. and Gong, G. H. and Gong, H. and Gornushkin, Y. A. and Grassi, M. and Greenler, L. S. and Gu, W. Q. and Guan, M. Y. and Guo, R. P. and Guo, X. H. and Hackenburg, R. W. and Hahn, R. L. and Han, R. and Hans, S. and He, M. and He, Q. and He, W. S. and Heeger, K. M. and Heng, Y. K. and Higuera, A. and Hinrichs, P. and Ho, T. H. and Hoff, M. and Hor, Y. K. and Hsiung, Y. B. and Hu, B. Z. and Hu, L. M. and Hu, L. J. and Hu, T. and Hu, W. and Huang, E. C. and Huang, H. Z. and Huang, H. X. and Huang, P. W. and Huang, X. and Huang, X. T. and Huber, P. and Hussain, G. and Isvan, Z. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jaffke, P. and Jen, K. L. and Jetter, S. and Ji, X. P. and Ji, X. L. and Jiang, H. J. and Jiang, W. Q. and Jiao, J. B. and Johnson, R. A. and Joseph, J. and Kang, L. and Kettell, S. H. and Kohn, S. and Kramer, M. and Kwan, K. K. and Kwok, M. W. and Kwok, T. and Lai, C. Y. and Lai, W. C. and Lai, W. H. and Langford, T. J. and Lau, K. and Lebanowski, L. and Lee, J. and Lee, M. K. P. and Lei, R. T. and Leitner, R. and Leung, J. K. C. and Lewis, C. A. and Li, B. and Li, C. and Li, D. J. and Li, F. and Li, G. S. and Li, J. and Li, N. Y. and Li, Q. J. and Li, S. F. and Li, S. C. and Li, W. D. and Li, X. B. and Li, X. N. and Li, X. Q. and Li, Y. and Li, Y. F. and Li, Z. B. and Liang, H. and Liang, J. and Lin, C. J. and Lin, G. L. and Lin, P. Y. and Lin, S. X. and Lin, S. K. and Lin, Y. C. and Ling, J. J. and Link, J. M. and Littenberg, L. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, B. J. and Liu, C. and Liu, D. W. and Liu, H. and Liu, J. L. and Liu, J. C. and Liu, S. and Liu, S. S. and Liu, X. and Liu, Y. B. and Lu, C. and Lu, H. Q. and Lu, J. S. and Luk, A. and Luk, K. B. and Luo, T. and Luo, X. L. and Ma, L. H. and Ma, Q. M. and Ma, X. Y. and Ma, X. B. and Ma, Y. Q. and Mayes, B. and McDonald, K. T. and McFarlane, M. C. and McKeown, R. D. and Meng, Y. and Mitchell, I. and Mohapatra, D. and Monari Kebwaro, J. and Morgan, J. E. and Nakajima, Y. and Napolitano, J. and Naumov, D. and Naumova, E. and Newsom, C. and Ngai, H. Y. and Ngai, W. K. and Nie, Y. B. and Ning, Z. and Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P. and Olshevskiy, A. and Pagac, A. and Pan, H. -R. and Patton, S. and Pearson, C. and Pec, V. and Peng, J. C. and Piilonen, L. E. and Pinsky, L. and Pun, C. S. J. and Qi, F. Z. and Qi, M. and Qian, X. and Raper, N. and Ren, B. and Ren, J. and Rosero, R. and Roskovec, B. and Ruan, X. C. and Sands, W. R. and Seilhan, B. and Shao, B. B. and Shih, K. and Song, W. Y. and Steiner, H. and Stoler, P. and Stuart, M. and Sun, G. X. and Sun, J. L. and Tagg, N. and Tam, Y. H. and Tanaka, H. K. and Tang, W. and Tang, X. and Taychenachev, D. and Themann, H. and Torun, Y. and Trentalange, S. and Tsai, O. and Tsang, K. V. and Tsang, R. H. M. and Tull, C. E. and Tung, Y. C. and Viaux, N. and Viren, B. and Virostek, S. and Vorobel, V. and Wang, C. H. and Wang, L. S. and Wang, L. Y. and Wang, L. Z. and Wang, M. and Wang, N. Y. and Wang, R. G. and Wang, T. and Wang, W. and Wang, W. W. and Wang, X. T. and Wang, X. and Wang, Y. F. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. and Wang, Z. M. and Webber, D. M. and Wei, H. Y. and Wei, Y. D. and Wen, L. J. and Wenman, D. L. and Whisnant, K. and White, C. G. and Whitehead, L. and Whitten, C. A. and Wilhelmi, J. and Wise, T. and Wong, H. C. and Wong, H. L. H. and Wong, J. and Wong, S. C. F. and Worcester, E. and Wu, F. F. and Wu, Q. and Xia, D. M. and Xia, J. K. and Xiang, S. T. and Xiao, Q. and Xing, Z. Z. and Xu, G. and Xu, J. Y. and Xu, J. L. and Xu, J. and Xu, W. and Xu, Y. and Xue, T. and Yan, J. and Yang, C. G. and Yang, L. and Yang, M. S. and Yang, M. T. and Ye, M. and Yeh, M. and Yeh, Y. S. and Yip, K. and Young, B. L. and Yu, G. Y. and Yu, Z. Y. and Zeng, S. and Zhan, L. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, F. H. and Zhang, H. H. and Zhang, J. W. and Zhang, K. and Zhang, Q. X. and Zhang, Q. M. and Zhang, S. H. and Zhang, X. T. and Zhang, Y. C. and Zhang, Y. H. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Y. X. and Zhang, Y. M. and Zhang, Z. J. and Zhang, Z. Y. and Zhang, Z. P. and Zhao, J. and Zhao, Q. W. and Zhao, Y. F. and Zhao, Y. B. and Zheng, L. and Zhong, W. L. and Zhou, L. and Zhou, N. and Zhou, Z. Y. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zimmerman, S. and Zou, J. H.},
abstractNote = {The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of ν¯e oscillations over km-baselines. Subsequent data has provided the world's most precise measurement of sin 22θ13 and the effective mass splitting Δm2ee. The experiment is located in Daya Bay, China where the cluster of six nuclear reactors is among the world's most prolific sources of electron antineutrinos. Multiple antineutrino detectors are deployed in three underground water pools at different distances from the reactor cores to search for deviations in the antineutrino rate and energy spectrum due to neutrino mixing. Instrumented with photomultiplier tubes, the water pools serve as shielding against natural radioactivity from the surrounding rock and provide efficient muon tagging. Arrays of resistive plate chambers over the top of each pool provide additional muon detection. The antineutrino detectors were specifically designed for measurements of the antineutrino flux with minimal systematic uncertainty. Relative detector efficiencies between the near and far detectors are known to better than 0.2%. With the unblinding of the final two detectors’ baselines and target masses, a complete description and comparison of the eight antineutrino detectors can now be presented. This study describes the Daya Bay detector systems, consisting of eight antineutrino detectors in three instrumented water pools in three underground halls, and their operation through the first year of eight detector data-taking.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2015.11.144},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 811,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}