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Title: Double layer effects in electrocatalysis: The oxygen reduction reaction and ethanol oxidation reaction on Au(111), Pt(111) and Ir(111) in alkaline media containing Na and Li cations

Oxygen reduction and ethanol oxidation reactions were studied on Au(111), Pt(111) and Ir(111) in alkaline solutions containing sodium and/or lithium cations. By keeping the same (111) surface orientation and exploring oxophilicity trends and non-covalent interactions between OH ad and alkali metal cations (AMC n+), we were able to gain deep insights into the multiple roles that OH ad plays in these important electrocatalytic reactions. Cyclic voltammetry experiments revealed that OH ad formation initiates at distinct electrode potentials, governed by the oxophilicity of the specific metal surface, with further OH ad adlayer stabilization by non-covalent alkali-cation interactions and affecting the formation of a “true oxide” layer at higher electrode potentials. Although OH ad is a simple spectator for the ORR, it promotes the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) at lower potentials and act as spectator at high OHad coverages. By changing the alkali metal cation at the interface (Li +) on more oxophilic surfaces, it was possible to promote the EOR even more, relative to Na +, without changing the product distribution for the reaction. This cation effect suggests that OH ad—Li +(H 2O) x clusters can stabilize the ethoxide adlayer, thus improving the EOR activity. Finally, our results indicate the importancemore » of the entire electrochemical interface in determining the electrocatalytic activity during reaction.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 262; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Materials Sciences and Engineering Division
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electrocatalysis; surface spectators; non-covalent interactions; cation effect; oxygen reduction; ethanol
OSTI Identifier:
1245206
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396946