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Title: Parametric behaviors of CLUBB in simulations of low clouds in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM)

In this study, we investigate the sensitivity of simulated low clouds to 14 selected tunable parameters of Cloud Layers Unified By Binormals (CLUBB), a higher order closure (HOC) scheme, and 4 parameters of the Zhang-McFarlane (ZM) deep convection scheme in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5). A quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) sampling approach is adopted to effectively explore the high-dimensional parameter space and a generalized linear model is applied to study the responses of simulated cloud fields to tunable parameters. Our results show that the variance in simulated low-cloud properties (cloud fraction and liquid water path) can be explained by the selected tunable parameters in two different ways: macrophysics itself and its interaction with microphysics. First, the parameters related to dynamic and thermodynamic turbulent structure and double Gaussians closure are found to be the most influential parameters for simulating low clouds. The spatial distributions of the parameter contributions show clear cloud-regime dependence. Second, because of the coupling between cloud macrophysics and cloud microphysics, the coefficient of the dissipation term in the total water variance equation is influential. This parameter affects the variance of in-cloud cloud water, which further influences microphysical process rates, such as autoconversion, and eventually low-cloud fraction. Furthermore,more » this study improves understanding of HOC behavior associated with parameter uncertainties and provides valuable insights for the interaction of macrophysics and microphysics.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Center of Climate Change, Jiangsu Province (China)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nanjing Univ., Nanjing (China); Center of Climate Change, Jiangsu Province (China)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI (United States)
  5. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder CO (United States)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1244807
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA--106629
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466; KP1703020
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES