skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition

Abstract

Elastic anomalies are signatures of phase transitions in condensed matters and have traditionally been studied using various techniques spanning from neutron scattering to static mechanical testing. Here, using band-excitation elastic/piezoresponse spectroscopy, we probed sub-MHz elastic dynamics of a tip bias-induced rhombohedral–tetragonal phase transition of strained (001)-BiFeO3 (rhombohedral) ferroelectric thin films from ~103 nm3 sample volumes. Near this transition, we observed that the Young's modulus intrinsically softens by over 30% coinciding with 2-3 folds enhancement of local piezoresponse. Coupled with phase-field modeling, we also addressed the influence of polarization switching and mesoscopic structural heterogeneities (e.g., domain walls) on the kinetics of this phase transition, thereby providing fresh insights into the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in ferroelectrics. Moreover, the giant electrically tunable elastic stiffness and corresponding electromechanical properties observed here suggest potential applications of BiFeO3 in next-generation frequency-agile electroacoustic devices, based on utilization of the soft modes underlying successive ferroelectric phase transitions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Saitama (Japan)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1244194
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Yu, Pu, Vasudevan, Rama K., Tselev, Alexander, Xue, Fei, Chen, Long -Qing, Maksymovych, Petro, Kalinin, Sergei V., Balke, Nina, Li, Q., Cao, Y., and Laanait, N. Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9985.
Yu, Pu, Vasudevan, Rama K., Tselev, Alexander, Xue, Fei, Chen, Long -Qing, Maksymovych, Petro, Kalinin, Sergei V., Balke, Nina, Li, Q., Cao, Y., & Laanait, N. Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9985
Yu, Pu, Vasudevan, Rama K., Tselev, Alexander, Xue, Fei, Chen, Long -Qing, Maksymovych, Petro, Kalinin, Sergei V., Balke, Nina, Li, Q., Cao, Y., and Laanait, N. Tue . "Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9985. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1244194.
@article{osti_1244194,
title = {Giant elastic tunability in strained BiFeO3 near an electrically induced phase transition},
author = {Yu, Pu and Vasudevan, Rama K. and Tselev, Alexander and Xue, Fei and Chen, Long -Qing and Maksymovych, Petro and Kalinin, Sergei V. and Balke, Nina and Li, Q. and Cao, Y. and Laanait, N.},
abstractNote = {Elastic anomalies are signatures of phase transitions in condensed matters and have traditionally been studied using various techniques spanning from neutron scattering to static mechanical testing. Here, using band-excitation elastic/piezoresponse spectroscopy, we probed sub-MHz elastic dynamics of a tip bias-induced rhombohedral–tetragonal phase transition of strained (001)-BiFeO3 (rhombohedral) ferroelectric thin films from ~103 nm3 sample volumes. Near this transition, we observed that the Young's modulus intrinsically softens by over 30% coinciding with 2-3 folds enhancement of local piezoresponse. Coupled with phase-field modeling, we also addressed the influence of polarization switching and mesoscopic structural heterogeneities (e.g., domain walls) on the kinetics of this phase transition, thereby providing fresh insights into the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in ferroelectrics. Moreover, the giant electrically tunable elastic stiffness and corresponding electromechanical properties observed here suggest potential applications of BiFeO3 in next-generation frequency-agile electroacoustic devices, based on utilization of the soft modes underlying successive ferroelectric phase transitions.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms9985},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 4,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Elastic anomalies in minerals due to structural phase transitions [Elastic anomalies in minerals due to structural phase transitions]
journal, July 1998

  • Carpenter, Michael A.; Salje, Ekhard K. H.
  • European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1127/ejm/10/4/0693

Electric-Field-Induced Soft-Mode Hardening in SrTiO 3 Films
journal, May 2000


Applications of Modern Ferroelectrics
journal, February 2007


A Strain-Driven Morphotropic Phase Boundary in BiFeO3
journal, November 2009

  • Zeches, R. J.; Rossell, M. D.; Zhang, J. X.
  • Science, Vol. 326, Issue 5955, p. 977-980
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1177046

Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics
journal, January 2000

  • Fu, Huaxiang; Cohen, Ronald E.
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6767
  • DOI: 10.1038/35002022

Comments on Origins of Enhanced Piezoelectric Properties in Ferroelectrics
journal, August 2009

  • Damjanovic, D.; Damjanovic, Dragan; Damjanovic, Dragan
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 56, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2009.1222

Elastic strain engineering of ferroic oxides
journal, February 2014

  • Schlom, Darrell G.; Chen, Long-Qing; Fennie, Craig J.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 39, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2014.1

Conduction at domain walls in oxide multiferroics
journal, January 2009

  • Seidel, J.; Martin, L. W.; He, Q.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2373

Unraveling the origins of electromechanical response in mixed-phase bismuth ferrite
journal, July 2013


Ultrahigh strain and piezoelectric behavior in relaxor based ferroelectric single crystals
journal, August 1997

  • Park, Seung-Eek; Shrout, Thomas R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.365983

Domain patterns in epitaxial rhombohedral ferroelectric films. I. Geometry and experiments
journal, March 1998

  • Streiffer, S. K.; Parker, C. B.; Romanov, A. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 83, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.366632

Physics and Applications of Bismuth Ferrite
journal, June 2009


Microscopic Origin of the Giant Ferroelectric Polarization in Tetragonal-like BiFeO 3
journal, September 2011


Direct imaging of the spatial and energy distribution of nucleation centres in ferroelectric materials
journal, February 2008

  • Jesse, Stephen; Rodriguez, Brian J.; Choudhury, Samrat
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2114

Applications of semi-implicit Fourier-spectral method to phase field equations
journal, February 1998


Intrinsically tunable 0.67BiFeO 3 -0.33BaTiO 3 thin film bulk acoustic wave resonators
journal, December 2012

  • Vorobiev, A.; Gevorgian, S.; Martirosyan, N.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 101, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4769346

Phase-Field Method of Phase Transitions/Domain Structures in Ferroelectric Thin Films: A Review
journal, June 2008


Effect of substrate constraint on the stability and evolution of ferroelectric domain structures in thin films
journal, January 2002


Coherent magnon and acoustic phonon dynamics in tetragonal and rare-earth-doped BiFeO 3 multiferroic thin films
journal, September 2013


Epitaxial BiFeO3 Multiferroic Thin Film Heterostructures
journal, March 2003


Origin of morphotropic phase boundaries in ferroelectrics
journal, January 2008

  • Ahart, Muhtar; Somayazulu, Maddury; Cohen, R. E.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7178
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06459

Piezoresponse force spectroscopy of ferroelectric-semiconductor materials
journal, December 2007

  • Morozovska, Anna N.; Svechnikov, Sergei V.; Eliseev, Eugene A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 102, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2818370

Electric-Field-Induced Paths in Multiferroic BiFeO 3 from Atomistic Simulations
journal, July 2009


Determination of shear stiffness based on thermal noise analysis in atomic force microscopy: Passive overtone microscopy
journal, June 2001


The band excitation method in scanning probe microscopy for rapid mapping of energy dissipation on the nanoscale
journal, September 2007


Interface control of bulk ferroelectric polarization
journal, May 2012

  • Yu, P.; Luo, W.; Yi, D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1117990109

Piezoelectric nonlinearity due to motion of 180° domain walls in ferroelectric materials at subcoercive fields: A dynamic poling model
journal, May 2006

  • Trolier-McKinstry, Susan; Bassiri Gharb, Nazanin; Damjanovic, Dragan
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2203750

Polarization Rotation via a Monoclinic Phase in the Piezoelectric 92% PbZn 1 / 3 Nb 2 / 3 O 3 -8% PbTiO 3
journal, April 2001


Pressure-Induced Anomalous Phase Transitions and Colossal Enhancement of Piezoelectricity in PbTiO 3
journal, July 2005


Exploiting dimensionality and defect mitigation to create tunable microwave dielectrics
journal, October 2013

  • Lee, Che-Hui; Orloff, Nathan D.; Birol, Turan
  • Nature, Vol. 502, Issue 7472
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12582

Ab Initio Indications for Giant Magnetoelectric Effects Driven by Structural Softness
journal, July 2010


Nanoscale Mechanical Softening of Morphotropic BiFeO 3
journal, October 2014

  • Heo, Yooun; Jang, Byong-Kweon; Kim, Seung Jin
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201401958

Enhanced electromechanical response of ferroelectrics due to charged domain walls
journal, January 2012

  • Sluka, Tomas; Tagantsev, Alexander K.; Damjanovic, Dragan
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1751

Phase instability induced by polar nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric system
journal, May 2008

  • Xu, Guangyong; Wen, Jinsheng; Stock, C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2196

Large field-induced strains in a lead-free piezoelectric material
journal, January 2011

  • Zhang, J. X.; Xiang, B.; He, Q.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 2, p. 98-102
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.265

Contributions to the Piezoelectric Effect in Ferroelectric Single Crystals and Ceramics
journal, October 2005


Revealing the flexoelectricity in the mixed-phase regions of epitaxial BiFeO3 thin films
journal, January 2015

  • Cheng, Cheng-En; Liu, Heng-Jui; Dinelli, Franco
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep08091

Domain Wall Damping and Elastic Softening in SrTiO 3 : Evidence for Polar Twin Walls
journal, October 2012


Atomic Scale Structure Changes Induced by Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectric Materials
journal, October 2013

  • Li, Linze; Gao, Peng; Nelson, Christopher T.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl402651r

Combinatorial discovery of a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary in a thin-film piezoelectric perovskite
journal, May 2008

  • Fujino, S.; Murakami, M.; Anbusathaiah, V.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2931706

Elastic properties of tetragonal BiFeO 3 from first-principles calculations
journal, May 2013

  • Dong, Huafeng; Chen, Changqing; Wang, Shanying
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4804641

Deterministic switching of ferromagnetism at room temperature using an electric field
journal, December 2014


Local polarization dynamics in ferroelectric materials
journal, April 2010

  • Kalinin, Sergei V.; Morozovska, Anna N.; Chen, Long Qing
  • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 73, Issue 5, Article No. 056502
  • DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/73/5/056502

Quantitative mapping of switching behavior in piezoresponse force microscopy
journal, July 2006

  • Jesse, Stephen; Lee, Ho Nyung; Kalinin, Sergei V.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2214699

Deterministic control of ferroelastic switching in multiferroic materials
journal, October 2009

  • Balke, N.; Choudhury, S.; Jesse, S.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, Issue 12, p. 868-875
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.293

Stress-induced R M A M C T symmetry changes in BiFeO 3 films
journal, April 2011


Imaging mechanism of piezoresponse force microscopy of ferroelectric surfaces
journal, March 2002


Mechanical Switching of Nanoscale Multiferroic Phase Boundaries
journal, April 2015

  • Li, Yong-Jun; Wang, Jian-Jun; Ye, Jian-Chao
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201500600

Giant ultrafast photo-induced shear strain in ferroelectric BiFeO3
journal, July 2014

  • Lejman, Mariusz; Vaudel, Gwenaelle; Infante, Ingrid C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5301

Nonlinearity in the high-electric-field piezoelectricity of epitaxial BiFeO 3 on SrTiO 3
journal, February 2012

  • Chen, Pice; Sichel-Tissot, Rebecca J.; Young Jo, Ji
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3683533

Nanoscale Switching Characteristics of Nearly Tetragonal BiFeO3Thin Films
journal, July 2010

  • Mazumdar, Dipanjan; Shelke, Vilas; Iliev, Milko
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 7, p. 2555-2561
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl101187a

Thermotropic phase boundaries in classic ferroelectrics
journal, January 2014

  • Lummen, Tom T. A.; Gu, Yijia; Wang, Jianjun
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4172

Stationary domain wall contribution to enhanced ferroelectric susceptibility
journal, January 2014

  • Xu, Ruijuan; Karthik, J.; Damodaran, Anoop R.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4120

A nanoscale shape memory oxide
journal, November 2013

  • Zhang, Jinxing; Ke, Xiaoxing; Gou, Gaoyang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3768

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Ferroelectric or non-ferroelectric: Why so many materials exhibit “ferroelectricity” on the nanoscale
    journal, June 2017

    • Vasudevan, Rama K.; Balke, Nina; Maksymovych, Peter
    • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 4, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4979015

    Ferroelectric or non-ferroelectric: Why so many materials exhibit “ferroelectricity” on the nanoscale
    journal, June 2017

    • Vasudevan, Rama K.; Balke, Nina; Maksymovych, Peter
    • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 4, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4979015

    Unraveling Elastic Anomalies during Morphotropic Phase Transitions
    journal, November 2016

    • Sharma, Pankaj; Kang, Kyung Rok; Jang, Byung-Kweon
    • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600283

    Deterministic optical control of room temperature multiferroicity in BiFeO3 thin films
    journal, May 2019


    Ultrafast electron-phonon coupling and photo-induced strain in the morphotropic phase boundary of BixDy1−xFeO3 films
    journal, February 2018


    Enhanced photocatalytic efficiency of C 3 N 4 /BiFeO 3 heterojunctions: the synergistic effects of band alignment and ferroelectricity
    journal, January 2018

    • Deng, Xian-Zhu; Song, Chuang; Tong, Yin-Lin
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cp06274e

    Fully spin-polarized quadratic non-Dirac bands realized quantum anomalous Hall effect
    journal, January 2020

    • Li, Ping; Cai, Tian-Yi
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 22, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp05132e

    Mechanical probing of ferroelectrics at the nanoscale
    journal, January 2019

    • Heo, Y.; Sharma, P.; Liu, Y. Y.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 40
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc02661d

    Simultaneous scanning near-field optical and X-ray diffraction microscopy for correlative nanoscale structure–property characterization
    journal, August 2019