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Title: Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering

Abstract

Spontaneous polarization and inversion symmetry breaking in ferroelectric materials lead to their use as photovoltaic devices. However, further advancement of their applications are hindered by the paucity of ways of reducing bandgaps and enhancing photocurrent. By unravelling the correlation between ferroelectric materials’ responses to solar irradiation and their local structure and electric polarization landscapes, here we show from first principles that substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement can be achieved by nanolayering PbTiO3 with nickel ions and oxygen vacancies ((PbNiO2)x(PbTiO3)1–x). The enhancement of the total photocurrent for different spacings between the Ni-containing layers can be as high as 43 times due to a smaller bandgap and photocurrent direction alignment for all absorption energies. This is due to the electrostatic effect that arises from nanolayering. Lastly, this opens up the possibility for control of the bulk photovoltaic effect in ferroelectric materials by nanoscale engineering of their structure and composition.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. United States Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1242985
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46431
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; physical sciences; materials science; applied physics; nanotechnology

Citation Formats

Wang, Fenggong, Young, Steve M., Zheng, Fan, Grinberg, Ilya, and Rappe, Andrew M.. Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10419.
Wang, Fenggong, Young, Steve M., Zheng, Fan, Grinberg, Ilya, & Rappe, Andrew M.. Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10419
Wang, Fenggong, Young, Steve M., Zheng, Fan, Grinberg, Ilya, and Rappe, Andrew M.. Thu . "Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10419. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1242985.
@article{osti_1242985,
title = {Substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement via nanolayering},
author = {Wang, Fenggong and Young, Steve M. and Zheng, Fan and Grinberg, Ilya and Rappe, Andrew M.},
abstractNote = {Spontaneous polarization and inversion symmetry breaking in ferroelectric materials lead to their use as photovoltaic devices. However, further advancement of their applications are hindered by the paucity of ways of reducing bandgaps and enhancing photocurrent. By unravelling the correlation between ferroelectric materials’ responses to solar irradiation and their local structure and electric polarization landscapes, here we show from first principles that substantial bulk photovoltaic effect enhancement can be achieved by nanolayering PbTiO3 with nickel ions and oxygen vacancies ((PbNiO2)x(PbTiO3)1–x). The enhancement of the total photocurrent for different spacings between the Ni-containing layers can be as high as 43 times due to a smaller bandgap and photocurrent direction alignment for all absorption energies. This is due to the electrostatic effect that arises from nanolayering. Lastly, this opens up the possibility for control of the bulk photovoltaic effect in ferroelectric materials by nanoscale engineering of their structure and composition.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms10419},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

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