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Title: Neutrino flavor instabilities in a time-dependent supernova model

In this study, a dense neutrino medium such as that inside a core-collapse supernova can experience collective flavor conversion or oscillations because of the neutral-current weak interaction among the neutrinos. This phenomenon has been studied in a restricted, stationary supernova model which possesses the (spatial) spherical symmetry about the center of the supernova and the (directional) axial symmetry around the radial direction. Recently it has been shown that these spatial and directional symmetries can be broken spontaneously by collective neutrino oscillations. In this letter we analyze the neutrino flavor instabilities in a time-dependent supernova model. Our results show that collective neutrino oscillations start at approximately the same radius in both the stationary and time-dependent supernova models unless there exist very rapid variations in local physical conditions on timescales of a few microseconds or shorter. Our results also suggest that collective neutrino oscillations can vary rapidly with time in the regimes where they do occur which need to be studied in time-dependent supernova models.
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  1. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physics Letters. Section B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 751; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693
Research Org:
Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutrino oscillations; core-collapse supernova
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1239973