skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Chromatic-aberration-corrected diffractive lenses for ultra-broadband focusing

Abstract

We exploit the inherent dispersion in diffractive optics to demonstrate planar chromatic-aberration-corrected lenses. Specifically, we designed, fabricated and characterized cylindrical diffractive lenses that efficiently focus the entire visible band (450 nm to 700 nm) onto a single line. These devices are essentially pixelated, multi-level microstructures. Experiments confirm an average optical efficiency of 25% for a three-wavelength apochromatic lens whose chromatic focus shift is only 1.3 μm and 25 μm in the lateral and axial directions, respectively. Super-achromatic performance over the continuous visible band is also demonstrated with averaged lateral and axial focus shifts of only 1.65 μm and 73.6 μm, respectively. These lenses are easy to fabricate using single-step grayscale lithography and can be inexpensively replicated. Furthermore, these devices are thin (<3 μm), error tolerant, has low aspect ratio (<1:1) and offer polarization-insensitive focusing, all significant advantages compared to alternatives that rely on metasurfaces. Lastly, our design methodology offers high design flexibility in numerical aperture and focal length, and is readily extended to 2D.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1242246
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0005959
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; imaging and sensing; micro-optics

Citation Formats

Wang, Peng, Mohammad, Nabil, and Menon, Rajesh. Chromatic-aberration-corrected diffractive lenses for ultra-broadband focusing. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/srep21545.
Wang, Peng, Mohammad, Nabil, & Menon, Rajesh. Chromatic-aberration-corrected diffractive lenses for ultra-broadband focusing. United States. doi:10.1038/srep21545.
Wang, Peng, Mohammad, Nabil, and Menon, Rajesh. Fri . "Chromatic-aberration-corrected diffractive lenses for ultra-broadband focusing". United States. doi:10.1038/srep21545. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1242246.
@article{osti_1242246,
title = {Chromatic-aberration-corrected diffractive lenses for ultra-broadband focusing},
author = {Wang, Peng and Mohammad, Nabil and Menon, Rajesh},
abstractNote = {We exploit the inherent dispersion in diffractive optics to demonstrate planar chromatic-aberration-corrected lenses. Specifically, we designed, fabricated and characterized cylindrical diffractive lenses that efficiently focus the entire visible band (450 nm to 700 nm) onto a single line. These devices are essentially pixelated, multi-level microstructures. Experiments confirm an average optical efficiency of 25% for a three-wavelength apochromatic lens whose chromatic focus shift is only 1.3 μm and 25 μm in the lateral and axial directions, respectively. Super-achromatic performance over the continuous visible band is also demonstrated with averaged lateral and axial focus shifts of only 1.65 μm and 73.6 μm, respectively. These lenses are easy to fabricate using single-step grayscale lithography and can be inexpensively replicated. Furthermore, these devices are thin (<3 μm), error tolerant, has low aspect ratio (<1:1) and offer polarization-insensitive focusing, all significant advantages compared to alternatives that rely on metasurfaces. Lastly, our design methodology offers high design flexibility in numerical aperture and focal length, and is readily extended to 2D.},
doi = {10.1038/srep21545},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 20 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation
journal, February 2015


The effect of chromatic aberration on visual acuity
journal, September 1967


On the chromatic aberration of microlenses
journal, January 2006

  • Ruffieux, Patrick; Scharf, Toralf; Herzig, Hans Peter
  • Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.004687

Chromatic aberration effect on solar energy systems using Fresnel lenses
journal, January 1981


Maskless lithography
journal, February 2005


Reduction of focal-spot size using dichromats in absorbance modulation
journal, January 2008

  • Tsai, Hsin-Yu; Smith, Henry I.; Menon, Rajesh
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.33.002916

Diffractive lens design for optimized focusing
journal, January 2014

  • Wan, Xiaowen; Shen, Bing; Menon, Rajesh
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 31, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.31.000B27

Superachromatic air-spaced triplet
journal, January 2014


Eliminating chromatic aberration in Gauss-type lens design using a novel genetic algorithm
journal, January 2007

  • Fang, Yi-Chin; Tsai, Chen-Mu; MacDonald, John
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.46.002401

Analytic design of hybrid diffractive–refractive achromats
journal, January 1993

  • Davidson, N.; Friesem, A. A.; Hasman, E.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 32, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.32.004770

Achromatic hybrid refractive-diffractive lens with extended depth of focus
journal, January 2004

  • Flores, Angel; Wang, Michael R.; Yang, Jame J.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 43, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.43.005618

Adjustable hybrid diffractive/refractive achromatic lens
journal, January 2011

  • Valley, Pouria; Savidis, Nickolaos; Schwiegerling, Jim
  • Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.007468

Control of chromatic focal shift through wave-front coding
journal, January 1998

  • Wach, Hans B.; Dowski, Edward R.; Cathey, W. Thomas
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.37.005359

Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction
journal, September 2011


Planar Photonics with Metasurfaces
journal, March 2013

  • Kildishev, A. V.; Boltasseva, A.; Shalaev, V. M.
  • Science, Vol. 339, Issue 6125, p. 1232009-1232009
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1232009

Out-of-Plane Reflection and Refraction of Light by Anisotropic Optical Antenna Metasurfaces with Phase Discontinuities
journal, February 2012

  • Aieta, Francesco; Genevet, Patrice; Yu, Nanfang
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl300204s

Ultra-high-efficiency metamaterial polarizer
journal, January 2014


A new class of multi-bandgap high-efficiency photovoltaics enabled by broadband diffractive optics: A new class of multi-bandgap high-efficiency photovoltaics
journal, June 2014

  • Wang, Peng; Dominguez-Caballero, Jose A.; Friedman, Daniel J.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 23, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.2516

Design and analysis of multi-wavelength diffractive optics
journal, January 2012

  • Kim, Ganghun; Domínguez-Caballero, José A.; Menon, Rajesh
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.002814

Optical microlithography on oblique and multiplane surfaces using diffractive phase masks
journal, April 2015

  • Wang, Peng; Menon, Rajesh
  • Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, Vol. 14, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1117/1.JMM.14.2.023507

Computational spectrometer based on a broadband diffractive optic
journal, January 2014


Replication of diffractive-optical arrays via photocurable nanoimprint lithography
journal, January 2006

  • Galus, Matthias D.; Moon, Euclid; Smith, Henry I.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, Vol. 24, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.2363401

Recent progress in nanoimprint technology and its applications
journal, May 2004


Optimization of periodic nanostructures for enhanced light-trapping in ultra-thin photovoltaics
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, Peng; Menon, Rajesh
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, p. 6274-6285
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.006274

Iterative discrete on-axis encoding of radially symmetric computer-generated holograms
journal, January 1993

  • Welch, W. Hudson; Morris, James E.; Feldman, Michael R.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 10, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.10.001729

Multiwavelength operation with thin diffractive elements
journal, January 1999


Composite dielectric metasurfaces for phase control of vector field
journal, January 2015

  • Kim, Sung W.; Yee, Ki Ju; Abashin, Maxim
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.40.002453

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Achromatic super-oscillatory lenses with sub-wavelength focusing
    journal, March 2017

    • Yuan, Guang Hui; Rogers, Edward TF; Zheludev, Nikolay I.
    • Light: Science & Applications, Vol. 6, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2017.36

    Imaging with flat optics: metalenses or diffractive lenses?
    journal, January 2019


    Computational multispectral video imaging [Invited]
    journal, December 2017

    • Wang, Peng; Menon, Rajesh
    • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 35, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1364/josaa.35.000189

    Achromatic super-oscillatory lenses with sub-wavelength focusing
    journal, March 2017

    • Yuan, Guang Hui; Rogers, Edward TF; Zheludev, Nikolay I.
    • Light: Science & Applications, Vol. 6, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2017.36

    Computational multispectral video imaging [Invited]
    journal, December 2017

    • Wang, Peng; Menon, Rajesh
    • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 35, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1364/josaa.35.000189

    High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays
    journal, January 2016

    • Zhang, Shuyan; Kim, Myoung-Hwan; Aieta, Francesco
    • Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.24.018024

    Imaging with flat optics: metalenses or diffractive lenses?
    journal, January 2019