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Title: Designer lignins: harnessing the plasticity of lignification

Lignin is a complex polyphenolic constituent of plant secondary cell walls. Inspired largely by the recalcitrance of lignin to biomass processing, plant engineering efforts have routinely sought to alter lignin quantity, composition, and structure by exploiting the inherent plasticity of lignin biosynthesis. More recently, researchers are attempting to strategically design plants for increased degradability by incorporating monomers that lead to a lower degree of polymerisation, reduced hydrophobicity, fewer bonds to other cell wall constituents, or novel chemically labile linkages in the polymer backbone. In addition, the incorporation of value-added structures could help valorise lignin. Designer lignins may satisfy the biological requirement for lignification in plants while improving the overall efficiency of biomass utilisation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Wood Science
  2. Ghent Univ. (Belgium). Dept. of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics; Flemish Inst. for Biotechnology (VIB), Ghent (Belgium)
  3. Dept. of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States); Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry. Wisconsin Energy Inst.
  4. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Wood Science; Dept. of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-07ER64494; 01MRB510W
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 37; Journal ID: ISSN 0958-1669
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Ghent Univ. (Belgium)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Ghent Univ. (Belgium); Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT) (Belgium); Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO) (Belgium)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1241572
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438218

Mottiar, Yaseen, Vanholme, Ruben, Boerjan, Wout, Ralph, John, and Mansfield, Shawn D. Designer lignins: harnessing the plasticity of lignification. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2015.10.009.
Mottiar, Yaseen, Vanholme, Ruben, Boerjan, Wout, Ralph, John, & Mansfield, Shawn D. Designer lignins: harnessing the plasticity of lignification. United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2015.10.009.
Mottiar, Yaseen, Vanholme, Ruben, Boerjan, Wout, Ralph, John, and Mansfield, Shawn D. 2016. "Designer lignins: harnessing the plasticity of lignification". United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2015.10.009.
@article{osti_1241572,
title = {Designer lignins: harnessing the plasticity of lignification},
author = {Mottiar, Yaseen and Vanholme, Ruben and Boerjan, Wout and Ralph, John and Mansfield, Shawn D.},
abstractNote = {Lignin is a complex polyphenolic constituent of plant secondary cell walls. Inspired largely by the recalcitrance of lignin to biomass processing, plant engineering efforts have routinely sought to alter lignin quantity, composition, and structure by exploiting the inherent plasticity of lignin biosynthesis. More recently, researchers are attempting to strategically design plants for increased degradability by incorporating monomers that lead to a lower degree of polymerisation, reduced hydrophobicity, fewer bonds to other cell wall constituents, or novel chemically labile linkages in the polymer backbone. In addition, the incorporation of value-added structures could help valorise lignin. Designer lignins may satisfy the biological requirement for lignification in plants while improving the overall efficiency of biomass utilisation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.copbio.2015.10.009},
journal = {Current Opinion in Biotechnology},
number = ,
volume = 37,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}