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Title: Stabilization of highly polar BiFeO 3-like structure: a new interface design route for enhanced ferroelectricity in artificial perovskite superlattices

In ABO 3 perovskites, oxygen octahedron rotations are common structural distortions that can promote large ferroelectricity in BiFeO 3 with an R3c structure [1] but suppress ferroelectricity in CaTiO 3 with a Pbnm symmetry [2]. For many CaTiO3-like perovskites, the BiFeO 3 structure is a metastable phase. Here, we report the stabilization of the highly polar BiFeO 3-like phase of CaTiO 3 in a BaTiO 3/CaTiO 3 superlattice grown on a SrTiO 3 substrate. The stabilization is realized by a reconstruction of oxygen octahedron rotations at the interface from the pattern of nonpolar bulk CaTiO 3 to a different pattern that is characteristic of a BiFeO 3 phase. The reconstruction is interpreted through a combination of amplitude-contrast sub-0.1-nm high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and first-principles theories of the structure, energetics, and polarization of the superlattice and its constituents. We further predict a number of new artificial ferroelectric materials demonstrating that nonpolar perovskites can be turned into ferroelectrics via this interface mechanism. Therefore, a large number of perovskites with the CaTiO 3 structure type, which include many magnetic representatives, are now good candidates as novel highly polar multiferroic materials [3].
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Temple Univ, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; SC0012575; AC02-05CH11231; AC02-06CH11357
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
American Physical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1261345