### Vibrational properties of nanocrystals from the Debye Scattering Equation

One hundred years after the original formulation by Petrus J.W. Debije (aka Peter Debye), the Debye Scattering Equation (DSE) is still the most accurate expression to model the diffraction pattern from nanoparticle systems. A major limitation in the original form of the DSE is that it refers to a static domain, so that including thermal disorder usually requires rescaling the equation by a Debye-Waller thermal factor. The last is taken from the traditional diffraction theory developed in Reciprocal Space (RS), which is opposed to the atomistic paradigm of the DSE, usually referred to as Direct Space (DS) approach. Besides being a hybrid of DS and RS expressions, rescaling the DSE by the Debye-Waller factor is an approximation which completely misses the contribution of Temperature Diffuse Scattering (TDS). The present work proposes a solution to include thermal effects coherently with the atomistic approach of the DSE. Here, a deeper insight into the vibrational dynamics of nanostructured materials can be obtained with few changes with respect to the standard formulation of the DSE, providing information on the correlated displacement of vibrating atoms.

- Publication Date:

- Grant/Contract Number:
- AC02-06CH11357

- Type:
- Accepted Manuscript

- Journal Name:
- Scientific Reports

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 02; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322

- Publisher:
- Nature Publishing Group

- Research Org:
- Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- ENGLISH

- Subject:
- 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; atomistic models; structural properties; structure of solids and liquids

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1241063

```
Scardi, P., and Gelisio, L..
```*Vibrational properties of nanocrystals from the Debye Scattering Equation*. United States: N. p.,
Web. doi:10.1038/srep22221.

```
Scardi, P., & Gelisio, L..
```*Vibrational properties of nanocrystals from the Debye Scattering Equation*. United States. doi:10.1038/srep22221.

```
Scardi, P., and Gelisio, L.. 2016.
"Vibrational properties of nanocrystals from the Debye Scattering Equation". United States.
doi:10.1038/srep22221. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1241063.
```

```
@article{osti_1241063,
```

title = {Vibrational properties of nanocrystals from the Debye Scattering Equation},

author = {Scardi, P. and Gelisio, L.},

abstractNote = {One hundred years after the original formulation by Petrus J.W. Debije (aka Peter Debye), the Debye Scattering Equation (DSE) is still the most accurate expression to model the diffraction pattern from nanoparticle systems. A major limitation in the original form of the DSE is that it refers to a static domain, so that including thermal disorder usually requires rescaling the equation by a Debye-Waller thermal factor. The last is taken from the traditional diffraction theory developed in Reciprocal Space (RS), which is opposed to the atomistic paradigm of the DSE, usually referred to as Direct Space (DS) approach. Besides being a hybrid of DS and RS expressions, rescaling the DSE by the Debye-Waller factor is an approximation which completely misses the contribution of Temperature Diffuse Scattering (TDS). The present work proposes a solution to include thermal effects coherently with the atomistic approach of the DSE. Here, a deeper insight into the vibrational dynamics of nanostructured materials can be obtained with few changes with respect to the standard formulation of the DSE, providing information on the correlated displacement of vibrating atoms.},

doi = {10.1038/srep22221},

journal = {Scientific Reports},

number = 02,

volume = 6,

place = {United States},

year = {2016},

month = {2}

}