skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Mixing behavior of a model cellulosic biomass slurry during settling and resuspension

Abstract

Thorough mixing during biochemical deconstruction of biomass is crucial for achieving maximum process yields and economic success. However, due to the complex morphology and surface chemistry of biomass particles, biomass mixing is challenging and currently it is not well understood. This study investigates the bulk rheology of negatively buoyant, non-Brownian α-cellulose particles during settling and resuspension. The torque signal of a vane mixer across two distinct experimental setups (vane-in-cup and vane-in-beaker) was used to understand how mixing conditions affect the distribution of biomass particles. During experimentation, a bifurcated torque response as a function of vane speed was observed, indicating that the slurry transitions from a “settling-dominant” regime to a “suspension-dominant” regime. The torque response of well-characterized fluids (i.e., DI water) were then used to empirically identify when sufficient mixing turbulence was established in each experimental setup. The predicted critical mixing speeds were in agreement with measured values, suggesting that secondary flows are required in order to keep the cellulose particles fully suspended. In addition, a simple scaling relationship was developed to model the entire torque signal of the slurry throughout settling and resuspension. Furthermore, qualitative and semi-quantitative agreement between the model and experimental results was observed.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1240082
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1346424
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-64985
Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2509
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC36-08-GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Engineering Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 144; Related Information: Chemical Engineering Science; Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2509
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; biomass; cellulose; resuspension; settling; mixing; rheology

Citation Formats

Crawford, Nathan C., Sprague, Michael A., and Stickel, Jonathan J. Mixing behavior of a model cellulosic biomass slurry during settling and resuspension. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ces.2016.01.028.
Crawford, Nathan C., Sprague, Michael A., & Stickel, Jonathan J. Mixing behavior of a model cellulosic biomass slurry during settling and resuspension. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2016.01.028
Crawford, Nathan C., Sprague, Michael A., and Stickel, Jonathan J. Fri . "Mixing behavior of a model cellulosic biomass slurry during settling and resuspension". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2016.01.028. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1240082.
@article{osti_1240082,
title = {Mixing behavior of a model cellulosic biomass slurry during settling and resuspension},
author = {Crawford, Nathan C. and Sprague, Michael A. and Stickel, Jonathan J.},
abstractNote = {Thorough mixing during biochemical deconstruction of biomass is crucial for achieving maximum process yields and economic success. However, due to the complex morphology and surface chemistry of biomass particles, biomass mixing is challenging and currently it is not well understood. This study investigates the bulk rheology of negatively buoyant, non-Brownian α-cellulose particles during settling and resuspension. The torque signal of a vane mixer across two distinct experimental setups (vane-in-cup and vane-in-beaker) was used to understand how mixing conditions affect the distribution of biomass particles. During experimentation, a bifurcated torque response as a function of vane speed was observed, indicating that the slurry transitions from a “settling-dominant” regime to a “suspension-dominant” regime. The torque response of well-characterized fluids (i.e., DI water) were then used to empirically identify when sufficient mixing turbulence was established in each experimental setup. The predicted critical mixing speeds were in agreement with measured values, suggesting that secondary flows are required in order to keep the cellulose particles fully suspended. In addition, a simple scaling relationship was developed to model the entire torque signal of the slurry throughout settling and resuspension. Furthermore, qualitative and semi-quantitative agreement between the model and experimental results was observed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ces.2016.01.028},
journal = {Chemical Engineering Science},
number = ,
volume = 144,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: