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Title: Recent progress in the synthesis of metal–organic frameworks

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted considerable attention for various applications due to their tunable structure, porosity and functionality. In general, MOFs have been synthesized from isolated metal ions and organic linkers under hydrothermal or solvothermal conditions via one-spot reactions. The emerging precursor approach and kinetically tuned dimensional augmentation strategy add more diversity to this field. In addition, to speed up the crystallization process and create uniform crystals with reduced size, many alternative synthesis routes have been explored. Recent advances in microwave-assisted synthesis and electrochemical synthesis are presented in this review. In recent years, post-synthetic approaches have been shown to be powerful tools to synthesize MOFs with modified functionality, which cannot be attained via de novo synthesis. In this study, some current accomplishments of post-synthetic modification (PSM) based on covalent transformations and coordinative interactions as well as post-synthetic exchange (PSE) in robust MOFs are provided.
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1468-6996
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Gas Separations Relevant to Clean Energy Technologies (CGS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metal–organic frameworks, solvothermal synthesis, microwave-assisted synthesis, electrochemical synthesis, post-synthetic modification, post-synthetic exchange; membrane, carbon capture, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing)
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1387383