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Title: Friction forces on atoms after acceleration

The aim of this study is to revisit the calculation of atom–surface quantum friction in the quantum field theory formulation put forward by Barton (2010 New J. Phys. 12 113045). We show that the power dissipated into field excitations and the associated friction force depend on how the atom is boosted from being initially at rest to a configuration in which it is moving at constant velocity (v) parallel to the planar interface. In addition, we point out that there is a subtle cancellation between the one-photon and part of the two-photon dissipating power, resulting in a leading order contribution to the frictional power which goes as v 4. These results are also confirmed by an alternative calculation of the average radiation force, which scales as v 3.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Max-Born-Institut, Berlin (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Potsdam, Potsdam (Germany); Armenian Academy of Sciences (Armenia)
  3. Albert-Ludwigs-Univ. Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany)
  4. Univ. Rostock, Rostock (Germany)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Univ. of Potsdam, Potsdam (Germany)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-14-27854
Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
Grant/Contract Number:
BU 1803/3-1; 631571; AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1239161

Intravaia, Francesco, Mkrtchian, Vanik E., Buhmann, Stefan Yoshi, Scheel, Stefan, Dalvit, Diego A. R., and Henkel, Carsten. Friction forces on atoms after acceleration. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/27/21/214020.
Intravaia, Francesco, Mkrtchian, Vanik E., Buhmann, Stefan Yoshi, Scheel, Stefan, Dalvit, Diego A. R., & Henkel, Carsten. Friction forces on atoms after acceleration. United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/27/21/214020.
Intravaia, Francesco, Mkrtchian, Vanik E., Buhmann, Stefan Yoshi, Scheel, Stefan, Dalvit, Diego A. R., and Henkel, Carsten. 2015. "Friction forces on atoms after acceleration". United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/27/21/214020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1239161.
@article{osti_1239161,
title = {Friction forces on atoms after acceleration},
author = {Intravaia, Francesco and Mkrtchian, Vanik E. and Buhmann, Stefan Yoshi and Scheel, Stefan and Dalvit, Diego A. R. and Henkel, Carsten},
abstractNote = {The aim of this study is to revisit the calculation of atom–surface quantum friction in the quantum field theory formulation put forward by Barton (2010 New J. Phys. 12 113045). We show that the power dissipated into field excitations and the associated friction force depend on how the atom is boosted from being initially at rest to a configuration in which it is moving at constant velocity (v) parallel to the planar interface. In addition, we point out that there is a subtle cancellation between the one-photon and part of the two-photon dissipating power, resulting in a leading order contribution to the frictional power which goes as v4. These results are also confirmed by an alternative calculation of the average radiation force, which scales as v3.},
doi = {10.1088/0953-8984/27/21/214020},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter},
number = 21,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}