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Title: New Developments in Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE)

Abstract

Here, we report that an application of nuclear physics, a facility for using protons for flash radiography, has been developed at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). Protons have proven far superior to high energy x-rays for flash radiography because of their long mean free path, good position resolution, and low scatter background. Although this facility is primarily used for studying very fast phenomena such as high explosive driven experiments, it is finding increasing application to other fields, such as tomography of static objects, phase changes in materials and the dynamics of chemical reactions. The advantages of protons are discussed, data from some recent experiments will be reviewed and concepts for new techniques are introduced.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1] more »;  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [4] « less
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Goethe Univ., Frankfurt (Germany)
  4. U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen, MD, (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1239117
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1329853
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-14-27803; LA-UR-14-28127
Journal ID: ISSN 0014-4851; PII: 77
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC5206NA25396; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Experimental Mechanics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0014-4851
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Proton, Radiography, Meteorite, Chelyabisnk, Nuclear Fuel, Solid Flame, Casting, TOF Radiography, Richtmyer-Meshkov instability; Proton Radiography; Dynamicmaterials; Tomography; Static applications; Detonation propagation; Meteorite; Richtmyer-Meshov instability; Chelyabisnk; Nuclear Fuel; Solid Flame; Casting; TOF Radiography

Citation Formats

Morris, C. L., Brown, E. N., Agee, C., Bernert, T., Bourke, M. A. M., Burkett, M. W., Buttler, W. T., Byler, D. D., Chen, C. F., Clarke, A. J., Cooley, J. C., Gibbs, P. J., Imhoff, S. D., Jones, R., Kwiatkowski, K., Mariam, F. G., Merrill, F. E., Murray, M. M., Olinger, C. T., Oro, D. M., Nedrow, P., Saunders, A., Terrones, G., Trouw, F., Tupa, D., Vogan, W., Winkler, B., Wang, Z., and Zellner, M. B. New Developments in Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). United States: N. p., 2015. Web. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-015-0077-2.
Morris, C. L., Brown, E. N., Agee, C., Bernert, T., Bourke, M. A. M., Burkett, M. W., Buttler, W. T., Byler, D. D., Chen, C. F., Clarke, A. J., Cooley, J. C., Gibbs, P. J., Imhoff, S. D., Jones, R., Kwiatkowski, K., Mariam, F. G., Merrill, F. E., Murray, M. M., Olinger, C. T., Oro, D. M., Nedrow, P., Saunders, A., Terrones, G., Trouw, F., Tupa, D., Vogan, W., Winkler, B., Wang, Z., & Zellner, M. B. New Developments in Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-015-0077-2
Morris, C. L., Brown, E. N., Agee, C., Bernert, T., Bourke, M. A. M., Burkett, M. W., Buttler, W. T., Byler, D. D., Chen, C. F., Clarke, A. J., Cooley, J. C., Gibbs, P. J., Imhoff, S. D., Jones, R., Kwiatkowski, K., Mariam, F. G., Merrill, F. E., Murray, M. M., Olinger, C. T., Oro, D. M., Nedrow, P., Saunders, A., Terrones, G., Trouw, F., Tupa, D., Vogan, W., Winkler, B., Wang, Z., and Zellner, M. B. Wed . "New Developments in Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE)". United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11340-015-0077-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1239117.
@article{osti_1239117,
title = {New Developments in Proton Radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE)},
author = {Morris, C. L. and Brown, E. N. and Agee, C. and Bernert, T. and Bourke, M. A. M. and Burkett, M. W. and Buttler, W. T. and Byler, D. D. and Chen, C. F. and Clarke, A. J. and Cooley, J. C. and Gibbs, P. J. and Imhoff, S. D. and Jones, R. and Kwiatkowski, K. and Mariam, F. G. and Merrill, F. E. and Murray, M. M. and Olinger, C. T. and Oro, D. M. and Nedrow, P. and Saunders, A. and Terrones, G. and Trouw, F. and Tupa, D. and Vogan, W. and Winkler, B. and Wang, Z. and Zellner, M. B.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report that an application of nuclear physics, a facility for using protons for flash radiography, has been developed at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). Protons have proven far superior to high energy x-rays for flash radiography because of their long mean free path, good position resolution, and low scatter background. Although this facility is primarily used for studying very fast phenomena such as high explosive driven experiments, it is finding increasing application to other fields, such as tomography of static objects, phase changes in materials and the dynamics of chemical reactions. The advantages of protons are discussed, data from some recent experiments will be reviewed and concepts for new techniques are introduced.},
doi = {10.1007/s11340-015-0077-2},
journal = {Experimental Mechanics},
number = 1,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}

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