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Title: Doped colloidal artificial spin ice

We examine square and kagome artificial spin ice for colloids confined in arrays of double-well traps. Conversely, magnetic artificial spin ices, unlike colloidal and vortex artificial spin ice realizations, allow creation of doping sites through double occupation of individual traps. We find that doping square and kagome ice geometries produces opposite effects. For square ice, doping creates local excitations in the ground state configuration that produce a local melting effect as the temperature is raised. In contrast, the kagome ice ground state can absorb the doping charge without generating non-ground-state excitations, while at elevated temperatures the hopping of individual colloids is suppressed near the doping sites. Our results indicate that in the square ice, doping adds degeneracy to the ordered ground state and creates local weak spots, while in the kagome ice, which has a highly degenerate ground state, doping locally decreases the degeneracy and creates local hard regions.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Babes-Bolyai Univ., Cluj-Napoca (Romania)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
Grant/Contract Number:
PN-II-RU-TE-2011-3-0114; AC52-06NA25396
Published Article
Journal Name:
New Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; artificial spin ice; doping; colloids
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1236014; OSTI ID: 1238998