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Title: The symmetry and simplicity of the laws of physics and the Higgs boson

We describe the theoretical ideas, developed between the 1950s–1970s, which led to the prediction of the Higgs boson, the particle that was discovered in 2012. The forces of nature are based on symmetry principles. We explain the nature of these symmetries through an economic analogy. We also discuss the Higgs mechanism, which is necessary to avoid some of the naive consequences of these symmetries, and to explain various features of elementary particles.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0009988; de-sc0009988
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
European Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 37; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0143-0807
Research Org:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Higgs boson; electromagnetism; gauge theory
OSTI Identifier:
1238938
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1238939; OSTI ID: 1434628