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Title: Multi-decadal trends in global terrestrial evapotranspiration and its components

Abstract

In this study, evapotranspiration (ET) is the process by which liquid water becomes water vapor and energetically this accounts for much of incoming solar radiation. If this ET did not occur temperatures would be higher, so understanding ET trends is crucial to predict future temperatures. Recent studies have reported prolonged declines in ET in recent decades, although these declines may relate to climate variability. Here, we used a well-validated diagnostic model to estimate daily ET during 1981–2012, and its three components: transpiration from vegetation (Et), direct evaporation from the soil (Es) and vaporization of intercepted rainfall from vegetation (Ei). During this period, ET over land has increased significantly (p < 0.01), caused by increases in Et and Ei, which are partially counteracted by Es decreasing. These contrasting trends are primarily driven by increases in vegetation leaf area index, dominated by greening. The overall increase in Et over land is about twofold of the decrease in Es. These opposing trends are not simulated by most Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, and highlight the importance of realistically representing vegetation changes in earth system models for predicting future changes in the energy and water cycle.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra (Australia)
  2. CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra (Australia); Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)
  4. CSIRO Ocean and Atmosphere, Victoria (Australia)
  5. Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia)
  6. VU Univ. Amsterdam (The Netherlands); Ghent Univ., Ghent (Belgium)
  7. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1238787
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-04ER63917
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; climate change; hydrology

Citation Formats

Zhang, Yongqiang, Peña-Arancibia, Jorge L., McVicar, Tim R., Chiew, Francis H. S., Vaze, Jai, Liu, Changming, Lu, Xingjie, Zheng, Hongxing, Wang, Yingping, Liu, Yi Y., Miralles, Diego G., and Pan, Ming. Multi-decadal trends in global terrestrial evapotranspiration and its components. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep19124.
Zhang, Yongqiang, Peña-Arancibia, Jorge L., McVicar, Tim R., Chiew, Francis H. S., Vaze, Jai, Liu, Changming, Lu, Xingjie, Zheng, Hongxing, Wang, Yingping, Liu, Yi Y., Miralles, Diego G., & Pan, Ming. Multi-decadal trends in global terrestrial evapotranspiration and its components. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep19124
Zhang, Yongqiang, Peña-Arancibia, Jorge L., McVicar, Tim R., Chiew, Francis H. S., Vaze, Jai, Liu, Changming, Lu, Xingjie, Zheng, Hongxing, Wang, Yingping, Liu, Yi Y., Miralles, Diego G., and Pan, Ming. Mon . "Multi-decadal trends in global terrestrial evapotranspiration and its components". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep19124. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1238787.
@article{osti_1238787,
title = {Multi-decadal trends in global terrestrial evapotranspiration and its components},
author = {Zhang, Yongqiang and Peña-Arancibia, Jorge L. and McVicar, Tim R. and Chiew, Francis H. S. and Vaze, Jai and Liu, Changming and Lu, Xingjie and Zheng, Hongxing and Wang, Yingping and Liu, Yi Y. and Miralles, Diego G. and Pan, Ming},
abstractNote = {In this study, evapotranspiration (ET) is the process by which liquid water becomes water vapor and energetically this accounts for much of incoming solar radiation. If this ET did not occur temperatures would be higher, so understanding ET trends is crucial to predict future temperatures. Recent studies have reported prolonged declines in ET in recent decades, although these declines may relate to climate variability. Here, we used a well-validated diagnostic model to estimate daily ET during 1981–2012, and its three components: transpiration from vegetation (Et), direct evaporation from the soil (Es) and vaporization of intercepted rainfall from vegetation (Ei). During this period, ET over land has increased significantly (p < 0.01), caused by increases in Et and Ei, which are partially counteracted by Es decreasing. These contrasting trends are primarily driven by increases in vegetation leaf area index, dominated by greening. The overall increase in Et over land is about twofold of the decrease in Es. These opposing trends are not simulated by most Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, and highlight the importance of realistically representing vegetation changes in earth system models for predicting future changes in the energy and water cycle.},
doi = {10.1038/srep19124},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

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    • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 22, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.5194/hess-22-4959-2018

    Evaluating the patterns of spatiotemporal trends of root zone soil moisture in major climate regions in East Asia: Trend of Root Zone Soil Moisture
    journal, August 2017

    • Zohaib, Muhammad; Kim, Hyunglok; Choi, Minha
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1002/2016jd026379

    Systematic variation in evapotranspiration trends and drivers across the Northeastern United States
    journal, September 2018

    • Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A.; Green, Mark B.; Asbjornsen, Heidi
    • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 32, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.13278

    Hydrologic implications of vegetation response to elevated CO2 in climate projections
    journal, December 2018


    Towards Estimating Land Evaporation at Field Scales Using GLEAM
    journal, October 2018

    • Martens, Brecht; de Jeu, Richard; Verhoest, Niko
    • Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.3390/rs10111720

    The WACMOS-ET project – Part 2: Evaluation of global terrestrial evaporation data sets
    text, January 2016


    Global biosphere–climate interaction: a causal appraisal of observations and models over multiple temporal scales
    journal, January 2019

    • Claessen, Jeroen; Molini, Annalisa; Martens, Brecht
    • Biogeosciences, Vol. 16, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.5194/bg-16-4851-2019

    GLEAM v3: satellite-based land evaporation and root-zone soil moisture
    journal, January 2017

    • Martens, Brecht; Miralles, Diego G.; Lievens, Hans
    • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 10, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-1903-2017

    Derived Optimal Linear Combination Evapotranspiration (DOLCE): a global gridded synthesis ET estimate
    journal, January 2018

    • Hobeichi, Sanaa; Abramowitz, Gab; Evans, Jason
    • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 22, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/hess-22-1317-2018