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Title: Thermal conductivity of tubrostratic carbon nanofiber networks

Composite material systems composed of a matrix of nano materials can achieve combinations of mechanical and thermophysical properties outside the range of traditional systems. While many reports have studied the intrinsic thermal properties of individual carbon fibers, to be useful in applications in which thermal stability is critical, an understanding of heat transport in composite materials is required. In this work, air/ carbon nano fiber networks are studied to elucidate the system parameters influencing thermal transport. Sample thermal properties are measured with varying initial carbon fiber fill fraction, environment pressure, loading pressure, and heat treatment temperature through a bidirectional modification of the 3ω technique. The nanostructures of the individual fibers are characterized with small angle x-ray scattering and Raman spectroscopy providing insight to individual fiber thermal conductivity. Measured thermal conductivity varied from 0.010 W/(m K) to 0.070 W/(m K). An understanding of the intrinsic properties of the individual fibers and the interactions of the two phase composite is used to reconcile low measured thermal conductivities with predictive modeling. This methodology can be more generally applied to a wide range of fiber composite materials and their applications.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
  2. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-1481; 606317
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; CMMI-1229603
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Heat Transfer
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 83; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-1481
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; carbon nanofiber; thermal conductivity; 3ω technique; small angle x-ray scattering; Raman spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier: