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Title: Ultrathin nanosheets of CrSiTe 3. A semiconducting two-dimensional ferromagnetic material

Finite range ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism in two-dimensional (2D) systems within an isotropic Heisenberg model at non-zero temperature were originally proposed to be impossible. However, recent theoretical studies using an Ising model have recently shown that 2D magnetic crystals can exhibit magnetism. Experimental verification of existing 2D magnetic crystals in this system has remained elusive. In this work we for the first time exfoliate the CrSiTe 3, a bulk ferromagnetic semiconductor, to mono- and few-layer 2D crystals onto a Si/SiO 2 substrate. The Raman spectra show the good stability and high quality of the exfoliated flakes, consistent with the computed phonon spectra of 2D CrSiTe 3, giving a strong evidence for the existence of 2D CrSiTe 3 crystals. When the thickness of the CrSiTe 3 crystals is reduced to few-layers, we observed a clear change in resistivity at 80~120 K, consistent with the theoretical calculations on the Curie temperature (Tc) of ~80 K for the magnetic ordering of 2D CrSiTe 3 crystals. As a result, the ferromagnetic mono- and few-layer 2D CrSiTe 3 indicated here should enable numerous applications in nano-spintronics.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY (United States)
  4. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Troy, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7526
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: