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Title: Effects of gasoline reactivity and ethanol content on boosted premixed and partially stratified low-temperature gasoline combustion (LTGC)

Low-temperature gasoline combustion (LTGC), based on the compression ignition of a premixed or partially premixed dilute charge, can provide thermal efficiencies (TE) and maximum loads comparable to those of turbo-charged diesel engines, and ultra-low NOx and particulate emissions. Intake boosting is key to achieving high loads with dilute combustion, and it also enhances the fuel's autoignition reactivity, reducing the required intake heating or hot residuals. These effects have the advantages of increasing TE and charge density, allowing greater timing retard with good stability, and making the fuel Φ- sensitive so that partial fuel stratification (PFS) can be applied for higher loads and further TE improvements. However, at high boost the autoignition reactivity enhancement can become excessive, and substantial amounts of EGR are required to prevent overly advanced combustion. Accordingly, an experimental investigation has been conducted to determine how the tradeoff between the effects of intake boost varies with fuel-type and its impact on load range and TE. Five fuels are investigated: a conventional AKI=87 petroleum-based gasoline (E0), and blends of 10 and 20% ethanol with this gasoline to reduce its reactivity enhancement with boost (E10 and E20). Furthermore, a second zero-ethanol gasoline with AKI=93 (matching that of E20) was alsomore » investigated (CF-E0), and some neat ethanol data are also reported.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1946-3944; 567248
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
SAE International Journal of Engines (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: SAE International Journal of Engines (Online); Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1946-3944
SAE International
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Secretary of Energy (S)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; ethanol; gasoline; HCCI engines; combustion/combustion processes
OSTI Identifier: