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Title: Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of a magnetic atom on graphene in the Kondo regime

Abstract

In this study, the Kondo effect in the system consisting of a magnetic adatom on the graphene is studied. By using the non-equilibrium Green function method with the slave-boson mean field approximation, the local density of state (LDOS) and the conductance are calculated. For a doped graphene, the Kondo phase is present at all time. Surprisingly, two kinds of Kondo regimes are revealed. But for the undoped graphene, the Kondo phase only exists if the adatom’s energy level is beyond a critical value. The conductance is similar to the LDOS, thus, the Kondo peak in the LDOS can be observed with the scanning tunneling spectroscopy. In addition, in the presence of a direct coupling between the STM tip and the graphene, the conductance may be dramatically enhanced, depending on the coupling site.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1236758
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-04ER46124
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Europhysics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0295-5075
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Zhuang, Huai -Bin, Sun, Qing -feng, and Xie, X. C. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of a magnetic atom on graphene in the Kondo regime. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1209/0295-5075/86/58004.
Zhuang, Huai -Bin, Sun, Qing -feng, & Xie, X. C. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of a magnetic atom on graphene in the Kondo regime. United States. doi:10.1209/0295-5075/86/58004.
Zhuang, Huai -Bin, Sun, Qing -feng, and Xie, X. C. Tue . "Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of a magnetic atom on graphene in the Kondo regime". United States. doi:10.1209/0295-5075/86/58004. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1236758.
@article{osti_1236758,
title = {Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of a magnetic atom on graphene in the Kondo regime},
author = {Zhuang, Huai -Bin and Sun, Qing -feng and Xie, X. C.},
abstractNote = {In this study, the Kondo effect in the system consisting of a magnetic adatom on the graphene is studied. By using the non-equilibrium Green function method with the slave-boson mean field approximation, the local density of state (LDOS) and the conductance are calculated. For a doped graphene, the Kondo phase is present at all time. Surprisingly, two kinds of Kondo regimes are revealed. But for the undoped graphene, the Kondo phase only exists if the adatom’s energy level is beyond a critical value. The conductance is similar to the LDOS, thus, the Kondo peak in the LDOS can be observed with the scanning tunneling spectroscopy. In addition, in the presence of a direct coupling between the STM tip and the graphene, the conductance may be dramatically enhanced, depending on the coupling site.},
doi = {10.1209/0295-5075/86/58004},
journal = {Europhysics Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 86,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {6}
}

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