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Title: Results of the California Healthy Homes Indoor Air Quality Study of 2011-2013: Impact of natural gas appliances on air pollutant concentrations

This study was conducted to assess the current impact of natural gas appliances on air quality in California homes. Data were collected via telephone interviews and measurements inside and outside of 352 homes. Passive samplers measured time-resolved CO and time-integrated NO X, NO 2, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde over ~6d periods in November 2011 - April 2012 and October 2012 - March 2013. The fraction of indoor NO X and NO 2 attributable to indoor sources was estimated. NO X, NO 2 and highest 1-h CO were higher in homes that cooked with gas and increased with amount of gas cooking. NO X and NO 2 were higher in homes with cooktop pilot burners, relative to gas cooking without pilots. Homes with a pilot burner on a floor or wall furnace had higher kitchen and bedroom NO X and NO 2 compared to homes without a furnace pilot. When scaled to account for varying home size and mixing volume, indoor-attributed bedroom and kitchen NO X and kitchen NO 2 were not higher in homes with wall or floor furnace pilot burners, though bedroom NO 2 was higher. In homes that cooked 4 h or more with gas, self-reported use of kitchenmore » exhaust was associated with lower NO X, NO 2 and highest 1-h CO. Gas appliances were not associated with higher concentrations of formaldehyde or acetaldehyde.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Gap Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LBNL-185629
Journal ID: ISSN 0905-6947; ir:185629
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Indoor Air
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0905-6947
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1236693
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1400507