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Title: Investigation of defect clusters in ion-irradiated Ni and NiCo using diffuse X-ray scattering and electron microscopy

Abstract

The nature of defect clusters in Ni and Ni$$_{50}$$Co$$_{50}$$ (NiCo) irradiated at room temperature with 2–16 MeV Ni ions is studied using asymptotic diffuse X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analysis of the scattering data provides separate size distributions for vacancy and interstitial type defect clusters, showing that both types of defect clusters have a smaller size and higher density in NiCo than in Ni. Diffuse scattering results show good quantitative agreement with TEM results for cluster sizes greater than 4 nm diameter, but find that the majority of vacancy clusters are under 2 nm in NiCo, which, if not detected, would lead to the conclusion that defect density was actually lower in the alloy. Interstitial dislocation loops and stacking fault tetrahedra are identified by TEM. Lastly comparison of diffuse scattering lineshapes to those calculated for dislocation loops and SFTs indicates that most of the vacancy clusters are SFTs.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Temperature Materials Lab. (HTML); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Dissipation to Defect Evolution (EDDE)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1236584
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359395
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 469; Journal Issue: C; Related Information: EDDE partners with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (lead); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; University of Michigan; University of Tennessee; University of Wisconsin; University of Wyoming; Virginia Tech; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Olsen, Raina J., Jin, Ke, Lu, Chenyang, Beland, Laurent K., Wang, Lumin M., Bei, Hongbin, Specht, Eliot D., and Larson, Bennett C. Investigation of defect clusters in ion-irradiated Ni and NiCo using diffuse X-ray scattering and electron microscopy. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.030.
Olsen, Raina J., Jin, Ke, Lu, Chenyang, Beland, Laurent K., Wang, Lumin M., Bei, Hongbin, Specht, Eliot D., & Larson, Bennett C. Investigation of defect clusters in ion-irradiated Ni and NiCo using diffuse X-ray scattering and electron microscopy. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.030
Olsen, Raina J., Jin, Ke, Lu, Chenyang, Beland, Laurent K., Wang, Lumin M., Bei, Hongbin, Specht, Eliot D., and Larson, Bennett C. Mon . "Investigation of defect clusters in ion-irradiated Ni and NiCo using diffuse X-ray scattering and electron microscopy". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1236584.
@article{osti_1236584,
title = {Investigation of defect clusters in ion-irradiated Ni and NiCo using diffuse X-ray scattering and electron microscopy},
author = {Olsen, Raina J. and Jin, Ke and Lu, Chenyang and Beland, Laurent K. and Wang, Lumin M. and Bei, Hongbin and Specht, Eliot D. and Larson, Bennett C.},
abstractNote = {The nature of defect clusters in Ni and Ni$_{50}$Co$_{50}$ (NiCo) irradiated at room temperature with 2–16 MeV Ni ions is studied using asymptotic diffuse X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analysis of the scattering data provides separate size distributions for vacancy and interstitial type defect clusters, showing that both types of defect clusters have a smaller size and higher density in NiCo than in Ni. Diffuse scattering results show good quantitative agreement with TEM results for cluster sizes greater than 4 nm diameter, but find that the majority of vacancy clusters are under 2 nm in NiCo, which, if not detected, would lead to the conclusion that defect density was actually lower in the alloy. Interstitial dislocation loops and stacking fault tetrahedra are identified by TEM. Lastly comparison of diffuse scattering lineshapes to those calculated for dislocation loops and SFTs indicates that most of the vacancy clusters are SFTs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.030},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 469,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Local Structure and Short-Range Order in a NiCoCr Solid Solution Alloy
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