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Title: Enhancing low-temperature activity and durability of Pd-based diesel oxidation catalysts using ZrO 2 supports

In this study, we investigated the impact of ZrO 2 on the performance of palladium-based oxidation catalysts with respect to low-temperature activity, hydrothermal stability, and sulfur tolerance. Pd supported on ZrO 2 and SiO 2 were synthesized for a comparative study. Additionally, in an attempt to maximize the ZrO 2 surface area and improve sulfur tolerance, a Pd support with ZrO 2-dispersed onto SiO 2 was studied. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were examined using ICP, N 2 sorption, XRD, SEM, TEM, and NH 3-, CO 2-, and NO x-TPD. The activity of the Pd catalysts were measured from 60 to 600 °C in a flow of 4000 ppm CO, 500 ppm NO, 1000 ppm C 3H 6, 4% O 2, 5% H 2O, and Ar balance. The Pd catalysts were evaluated in fresh, sulfated, and hydrothermally aged states. Overall, the ZrO 2-containing catalysts showed considerably higher CO and C 3H 6 oxidation activity than Pd/SiO 2 under the reaction conditions studied.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Univ. Paris, Paris (France); CNRS, Paris (France)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 187; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0926-3373
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; diesel oxidation catalyst; palladium; zirconia; support; sol-gel
OSTI Identifier:
1235836
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1348251