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Title: Round-the-clock power supply and a sustainable economy via synergistic integration of solar thermal power and hydrogen processes

Diminishing fossil fuel resources and increasing atmospheric greenhouse gases present a compelling case for transitioning to a sustainable economy where all human needs can be met by using abundant solar energy. In this paper, we introduce “hydricity,” a paradigm that proposes synergistic coproduction of solar thermal power and hydrogen. We realize hydricity by judiciously integrating solar water power cycle, solar thermal hydrogen production techniques, and turbine-based hydrogen power cycle and by suitably improving each one for compatibility and beneficial interaction. In conclusion, the proposed hydricity concept presents a potential breakthrough solution for continuous and efficient power supply and also an exciting opportunity to envision and create a sustainable economy to meet all the human needs—namely, food, chemicals, transportation, heating, and electricity.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Sion (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC000997; SC SC0000997
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 52; Related Information: C3Bio partners with Purdue University (lead); Argonne National Laboratory; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Northeastern University; University of Tennessee; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), Washington, D.C. (United States). Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 08 HYDROGEN; catalysis (homogeneous); catalysis (heterogeneous); biofuels (including algae and biomass); bio-inspired; materials and chemistry by design; synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing); solar; electricity; hydrogen; solar thermal power; process synthesis
OSTI Identifier:
1235504
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1387438

Gençer, Emre, Mallapragada, Dharik S., Maréchal, François, Tawarmalani, Mohit, and Agrawal, Rakesh. Round-the-clock power supply and a sustainable economy via synergistic integration of solar thermal power and hydrogen processes. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1513488112.
Gençer, Emre, Mallapragada, Dharik S., Maréchal, François, Tawarmalani, Mohit, & Agrawal, Rakesh. Round-the-clock power supply and a sustainable economy via synergistic integration of solar thermal power and hydrogen processes. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1513488112.
Gençer, Emre, Mallapragada, Dharik S., Maréchal, François, Tawarmalani, Mohit, and Agrawal, Rakesh. 2015. "Round-the-clock power supply and a sustainable economy via synergistic integration of solar thermal power and hydrogen processes". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1513488112.
@article{osti_1235504,
title = {Round-the-clock power supply and a sustainable economy via synergistic integration of solar thermal power and hydrogen processes},
author = {Gençer, Emre and Mallapragada, Dharik S. and Maréchal, François and Tawarmalani, Mohit and Agrawal, Rakesh},
abstractNote = {Diminishing fossil fuel resources and increasing atmospheric greenhouse gases present a compelling case for transitioning to a sustainable economy where all human needs can be met by using abundant solar energy. In this paper, we introduce “hydricity,” a paradigm that proposes synergistic coproduction of solar thermal power and hydrogen. We realize hydricity by judiciously integrating solar water power cycle, solar thermal hydrogen production techniques, and turbine-based hydrogen power cycle and by suitably improving each one for compatibility and beneficial interaction. In conclusion, the proposed hydricity concept presents a potential breakthrough solution for continuous and efficient power supply and also an exciting opportunity to envision and create a sustainable economy to meet all the human needs—namely, food, chemicals, transportation, heating, and electricity.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1513488112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 52,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}