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Title: Mechanical and Electrical Performance of Thermally Stable Au-ZnO films

The mechanical properties, thermal stability, and electrical performance of Au–ZnO composite thin films are determined in this work. The co-deposition of ZnO with Au via physical vapor deposition leads to grain refinement over that of pure Au; the addition of 0.1 vol.% ZnO reduces the as-grown grain size by over 30%. The hardness of the as-grown films doubles with 2% ZnO, from 1.8 to 3.6 GPa as measured by nanoindentation. Films with ZnO additions greater than 0.5% show no significant grain growth after annealing at 350 °C, while pure gold and smaller additions do exhibit grain growth and subsequent mechanical softening. Films with 1% and 2% ZnO show a decrease of approximately 50% in electrical resistivity and no change in hardness after annealing. A model accounting for both changes in the interface structure between dispersed ZnO particles and the Au matrix captures the changes in mechanical and electrical resistivity. Furthermore, the addition of 1–2% ZnO co-deposited with Au provides a method to create mechanically hard and thermally stable films with a resistivity less than 80 nΩ-m. Our results complement previous studies of other alloying systems, suggesting oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) gold shows a desirable hardness–resistivity relationship that is relatively independentmore » of the particular ODS chemistry.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6462; 606261
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scripta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6462
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; oxide dispersion strengthening; annealing; electrical resistivity; nanoindentation
OSTI Identifier: