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Title: Ab initio optimization of phonon drag effect for lower-temperature thermoelectric energy conversion

Abstract

Although the thermoelectric figure of merit zT above 300 K has seen significant improvement recently, the progress at lower temperatures has been slow, mainly limited by the relatively low Seebeck coefficient and high thermal conductivity. We report, for the first time to our knowledge, success in first-principles computation of the phonon drag effect—a coupling phenomenon between electrons and nonequilibrium phonons—in heavily doped region and its optimization to enhance the Seebeck coefficient while reducing the phonon thermal conductivity by nanostructuring. Our simulation quantitatively identifies the major phonons contributing to the phonon drag, which are spectrally distinct from those carrying heat, and further reveals that although the phonon drag is reduced in heavily doped samples, a significant contribution to Seebeck coefficient still exists. An ideal phonon filter is proposed to enhance zT of silicon at room temperature by a factor of 20 to ~0.25, and the enhancement can reach 70 times at 100 K. This work opens up a new venue toward better thermoelectrics by harnessing nonequilibrium phonons.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1235174
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1370969
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001299; FG02-09ER46577; SC0001299/DE-FG02-09ER46577
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 48; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; phonon drag; nonequilibrium phonon; electron phonon interaction; thermoelectrics; nanocluster scattering

Citation Formats

Zhou, Jiawei, Liao, Bolin, Qiu, Bo, Huberman, Samuel, Esfarjani, Keivan, Dresselhaus, Mildred S., and Chen, Gang. Ab initio optimization of phonon drag effect for lower-temperature thermoelectric energy conversion. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1512328112.
Zhou, Jiawei, Liao, Bolin, Qiu, Bo, Huberman, Samuel, Esfarjani, Keivan, Dresselhaus, Mildred S., & Chen, Gang. Ab initio optimization of phonon drag effect for lower-temperature thermoelectric energy conversion. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1512328112.
Zhou, Jiawei, Liao, Bolin, Qiu, Bo, Huberman, Samuel, Esfarjani, Keivan, Dresselhaus, Mildred S., and Chen, Gang. Mon . "Ab initio optimization of phonon drag effect for lower-temperature thermoelectric energy conversion". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1512328112.
@article{osti_1235174,
title = {Ab initio optimization of phonon drag effect for lower-temperature thermoelectric energy conversion},
author = {Zhou, Jiawei and Liao, Bolin and Qiu, Bo and Huberman, Samuel and Esfarjani, Keivan and Dresselhaus, Mildred S. and Chen, Gang},
abstractNote = {Although the thermoelectric figure of merit zT above 300 K has seen significant improvement recently, the progress at lower temperatures has been slow, mainly limited by the relatively low Seebeck coefficient and high thermal conductivity. We report, for the first time to our knowledge, success in first-principles computation of the phonon drag effect—a coupling phenomenon between electrons and nonequilibrium phonons—in heavily doped region and its optimization to enhance the Seebeck coefficient while reducing the phonon thermal conductivity by nanostructuring. Our simulation quantitatively identifies the major phonons contributing to the phonon drag, which are spectrally distinct from those carrying heat, and further reveals that although the phonon drag is reduced in heavily doped samples, a significant contribution to Seebeck coefficient still exists. An ideal phonon filter is proposed to enhance zT of silicon at room temperature by a factor of 20 to ~0.25, and the enhancement can reach 70 times at 100 K. This work opens up a new venue toward better thermoelectrics by harnessing nonequilibrium phonons.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1512328112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 48,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1512328112

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Cited by: 10 works
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