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Title: Seasonal fluxes of carbonyl sulfide in a midlatitude forest

Abstract

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS), the most abundant sulfur gas in the atmosphere, has a summer minimum associated with uptake by vegetation and soils, closely correlated with CO 2 . We report the first direct measurements to our knowledge of the ecosystem flux of OCS throughout an annual cycle, at a mixed temperate forest. The forest took up OCS during most of the growing season with an overall uptake of 1.36 ± 0.01 mol OCS per ha (43.5 ± 0.5 g S per ha, 95% confidence intervals) for the year. Daytime fluxes accounted for 72% of total uptake. Both soils and incompletely closed stomata in the canopy contributed to nighttime fluxes. Unexpected net OCS emission occurred during the warmest weeks in summer. Many requirements necessary to use fluxes of OCS as a simple estimate of photosynthesis were not met because OCS fluxes did not have a constant relationship with photosynthesis throughout an entire day or over the entire year. However, OCS fluxes provide a direct measure of ecosystem-scale stomatal conductance and mesophyll function, without relying on measures of soil evaporation or leaf temperature, and reveal previously unseen heterogeneity of forest canopy processes. Observations of OCS flux provide powerful, independent means to testmore » and refine land surface and carbon cycle models at the ecosystem scale.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1235171
Grant/Contract Number:  
SBIR DE-SC0001801; ATM-0425247
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Journal Volume: 112 Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Commane, Róisín, Meredith, Laura K., Baker, Ian T., Berry, Joseph A., Munger, J. William, Montzka, Stephen A., Templer, Pamela H., Juice, Stephanie M., Zahniser, Mark S., and Wofsy, Steven C. Seasonal fluxes of carbonyl sulfide in a midlatitude forest. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1504131112.
Commane, Róisín, Meredith, Laura K., Baker, Ian T., Berry, Joseph A., Munger, J. William, Montzka, Stephen A., Templer, Pamela H., Juice, Stephanie M., Zahniser, Mark S., & Wofsy, Steven C. Seasonal fluxes of carbonyl sulfide in a midlatitude forest. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1504131112.
Commane, Róisín, Meredith, Laura K., Baker, Ian T., Berry, Joseph A., Munger, J. William, Montzka, Stephen A., Templer, Pamela H., Juice, Stephanie M., Zahniser, Mark S., and Wofsy, Steven C. Mon . "Seasonal fluxes of carbonyl sulfide in a midlatitude forest". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1504131112.
@article{osti_1235171,
title = {Seasonal fluxes of carbonyl sulfide in a midlatitude forest},
author = {Commane, Róisín and Meredith, Laura K. and Baker, Ian T. and Berry, Joseph A. and Munger, J. William and Montzka, Stephen A. and Templer, Pamela H. and Juice, Stephanie M. and Zahniser, Mark S. and Wofsy, Steven C.},
abstractNote = {Carbonyl sulfide (OCS), the most abundant sulfur gas in the atmosphere, has a summer minimum associated with uptake by vegetation and soils, closely correlated with CO 2 . We report the first direct measurements to our knowledge of the ecosystem flux of OCS throughout an annual cycle, at a mixed temperate forest. The forest took up OCS during most of the growing season with an overall uptake of 1.36 ± 0.01 mol OCS per ha (43.5 ± 0.5 g S per ha, 95% confidence intervals) for the year. Daytime fluxes accounted for 72% of total uptake. Both soils and incompletely closed stomata in the canopy contributed to nighttime fluxes. Unexpected net OCS emission occurred during the warmest weeks in summer. Many requirements necessary to use fluxes of OCS as a simple estimate of photosynthesis were not met because OCS fluxes did not have a constant relationship with photosynthesis throughout an entire day or over the entire year. However, OCS fluxes provide a direct measure of ecosystem-scale stomatal conductance and mesophyll function, without relying on measures of soil evaporation or leaf temperature, and reveal previously unseen heterogeneity of forest canopy processes. Observations of OCS flux provide powerful, independent means to test and refine land surface and carbon cycle models at the ecosystem scale.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1504131112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 46,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1504131112

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Cited by: 21 works
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