skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation frequency cascade

Abstract

The El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, the most pronounced feature of internally generated climate variability, occurs on interannual timescales and impacts the global climate system through an interaction with the annual cycle. The tight coupling between ENSO and the annual cycle is particularly pronounced over the tropical Western Pacific. In this paper, we show that this nonlinear interaction results in a frequency cascade in the atmospheric circulation, which is characterized by deterministic high-frequency variability on near-annual and subannual timescales. Finally, through climate model experiments and observational analysis, it is documented that a substantial fraction of the anomalous Northwest Pacific anticyclone variability, which is the main atmospheric link between ENSO and the East Asian Monsoon system, can be explained by these interactions and is thus deterministic and potentially predictable.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1235117
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1348225
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0005110
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 44; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENSO; frequency cascade; combination mode; annual cycle; monsoon

Citation Formats

Stuecker, Malte F., Jin, Fei -Fei, and Timmermann, Axel. El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation frequency cascade. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1508622112.
Stuecker, Malte F., Jin, Fei -Fei, & Timmermann, Axel. El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation frequency cascade. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1508622112.
Stuecker, Malte F., Jin, Fei -Fei, and Timmermann, Axel. Mon . "El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation frequency cascade". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1508622112.
@article{osti_1235117,
title = {El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation frequency cascade},
author = {Stuecker, Malte F. and Jin, Fei -Fei and Timmermann, Axel},
abstractNote = {The El Niño$-$Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, the most pronounced feature of internally generated climate variability, occurs on interannual timescales and impacts the global climate system through an interaction with the annual cycle. The tight coupling between ENSO and the annual cycle is particularly pronounced over the tropical Western Pacific. In this paper, we show that this nonlinear interaction results in a frequency cascade in the atmospheric circulation, which is characterized by deterministic high-frequency variability on near-annual and subannual timescales. Finally, through climate model experiments and observational analysis, it is documented that a substantial fraction of the anomalous Northwest Pacific anticyclone variability, which is the main atmospheric link between ENSO and the East Asian Monsoon system, can be explained by these interactions and is thus deterministic and potentially predictable.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1508622112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 44,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1508622112

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Model El Niñ–Southern Oscillation
journal, October 1987


A Delayed Action Oscillator for ENSO
journal, November 1988


ENSO theory
journal, June 1998

  • Neelin, J. David; Battisti, David S.; Hirst, Anthony C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 103, Issue C7
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JC03424

ENSO as an Integrating Concept in Earth Science
journal, December 2006


The ENSO phenomenon: theory and mechanisms
journal, January 2006


El Niño in a changing climate
journal, September 2009

  • Yeh, Sang-Wook; Kug, Jong-Seong; Dewitte, Boris
  • Nature, Vol. 461, Issue 7263
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08316

The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Niño
journal, May 2010

  • Collins, Mat; An, Soon-Il; Cai, Wenju
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo868

Variations in Tropical Sea Surface Temperature and Surface Wind Fields Associated with the Southern Oscillation/El Niño
journal, May 1982


El Nino on the Devil's Staircase: Annual Subharmonic Steps to Chaos
journal, April 1994


El Nino Chaos: Overlapping of Resonances Between the Seasonal Cycle and the Pacific Ocean-Atmosphere Oscillator
journal, April 1994


Interaction between the Annual and Interannual Variations in the Equatorial Pacific
journal, September 1995


El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the annual cycle: subharmonic frequency-locking and aperiodicity
journal, November 1996


Mechanisms of Seasonal – ENSO Interaction
journal, January 1997


Locking of El Niño’s Peak Time to the End of the Calendar Year in the Delayed Oscillator Picture of ENSO
journal, September 1998


Phase Synchronization of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation with the Annual Cycle
journal, September 2011


The Effect of the South Pacific Convergence Zone on the Termination of El Niño Events and the Meridional Asymmetry of ENSO
journal, August 2012


ENSO Seasonal Synchronization Theory
journal, July 2014


A combination mode of the annual cycle and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation
journal, May 2013

  • Stuecker, Malte F.; Timmermann, Axel; Jin, Fei-Fei
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1826

Combination Mode Dynamics of the Anomalous Northwest Pacific Anticyclone
journal, February 2015


Pacific–East Asian Teleconnection: How Does ENSO Affect East Asian Climate?
journal, May 2000


ENSO Modulation of the Interannual and Intraseasonal Variability of the East Asian Monsoon—A Model Study
journal, September 2006

  • Lau, Ngar-Cheung; Nath, Mary Jo
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3878.1

Subtropical High predictability establishes a promising way for monsoon and tropical storm predictions
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, B.; Xiang, B.; Lee, J. -Y.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1214626110

Origin of seasonal predictability for summer climate over the Northwestern Pacific
journal, April 2013

  • Kosaka, Y.; Xie, S. -P.; Lau, N. -C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1215582110

An Interhemispheric Tropical Sea Level Seesaw due to El Niño Taimasa
journal, February 2014

  • Widlansky, Matthew J.; Timmermann, Axel; McGregor, Shayne
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00276.1

The Mean Climate of the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) in Forced SST and Fully Coupled Experiments
journal, July 2013


The JRA-55 Reanalysis: General Specifications and Basic Characteristics
journal, January 2015

  • Kobayashi, Shinya; Ota, Yukinari; Harada, Yayoi
  • Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II, Vol. 93, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2151/jmsj.2015-001

The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2
journal, March 2014


Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination: MERIDIONAL MOVEMENT OF ENSO WINDS
journal, February 2013

  • McGregor, Shayne; Ramesh, Nandini; Spence, Paul
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50136

The Annual-Cycle Modulation of Meridional Asymmetry in ENSO’s Atmospheric Response and Its Dependence on ENSO Zonal Structure
journal, July 2015


Lanczos Filtering in One and Two Dimensions
journal, August 1979


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Conditions leading to the unprecedented low Antarctic sea ice extent during the 2016 austral spring season: RECORD LOW 2016 ANTARCTIC SEA ICE EXTENT
    journal, September 2017

    • Stuecker, Malte F.; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Armour, Kyle C.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017gl074691