skip to main content


Title: Measurement of the scattering cross section of slow neutrons on liquid parahydrogen from neutron transmission

Liquid hydrogen is a dense Bose fluid whose equilibrium properties are both calculable from first principles using various theoretical approaches and of interest for the understanding of a wide range of questions in many-body physics. Unfortunately, the pair correlation function g(r) inferred from neutron scattering measurements of the differential cross section dσ/dΩ from different measurements reported in the literature are inconsistent. We have measured the energy dependence of the total cross section and the scattering cross section for slow neutrons with energies between 0.43 and 16.1 meV on liquid hydrogen at 15.6 K (which is dominated by the parahydrogen component) using neutron transmission measurements on the hydrogen target of the NPDGamma collaboration at the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The relationship between the neutron transmission measurement we perform and the total cross section is unambiguous, and the energy range accesses length scales where the pair correlation function is rapidly varying. At 1 meV our measurement is a factor of 3 below the data from previous work. We present evidence that these previous measurements of the hydrogen cross section, which assumed that the equilibrium value for the ratio of orthohydrogen and parahydrogen has been reached in the targetmore » liquid, were in fact contaminated with an extra nonequilibrium component of orthohydrogen. Liquid parahydrogen is also a widely used neutron moderator medium, and an accurate knowledge of its slow neutron cross section is essential for the design and optimization of intense slow neutron sources. Furthermore, we describe our measurements and compare them with previous work.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [1] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [9] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [13] ;  [3] ;  [6] more »;  [10] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [9] ;  [4] ;  [9] ;  [14] ;  [15] « less
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  3. Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  6. Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
  7. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
  8. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
  9. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  10. Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)
  11. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  12. Univ. of Tennessee-Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN (United States)
  13. Middle Tennessee State Univ., Murfreesboro, TN (United States); Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)
  14. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  15. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-03ER41258; PHY1068712; PHY1205833; IN111913; AC52-06NA25396; AC05-00OR22725; PHY-1068712; PHY-1205833
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1179193; OSTI ID: 1286791