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Title: Using multiple secondary fusion products to evaluate fuel ρR, electron temperature, and mix in deuterium-filled implosions at the NIF

In deuterium-filled inertial confinement fusion implosions, the secondary fusion processes D( 3He,p) 4He and D(T,n) 4He occur, as the primary fusion products 3He and T react in flight with thermal deuterons. In implosions with moderate fuel areal density (~ 5–100 mg/cm 2), the secondary D- 3He reaction saturates, while the D-T reaction does not, and the combined information from these secondary products is used to constrain both the areal density and either the plasma electron temperature or changes in the composition due to mix of shell material into the fuel. The underlying theory of this technique is developed and applied to three classes of implosions on the National Ignition Facility: direct-drive exploding pushers, indirect-drive 1-shock and 2-shock implosions,and polar direct-drive implosions. In the 1- and 2-shock implosions, the electron temperature is inferred to be 0.65 x and 0.33 x the burn-averaged ion temperature, respectively. The inferred mixed mass in the polar direct-drive implosions is in agreement with measurements using alternative techniques.
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  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  5. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001857; AC52-07NA27344; FG52-09NA29553; NA0000877; B580243
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma temperature; collisional energy loss; helium-3; fusion fuels; fusion plasma; 42 ENGINEERING; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1215673; OSTI ID: 1229638