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Title: Quantum Monte Carlo methods for nuclear physics

Quantum Monte Carlo methods have proved valuable to study the structure and reactions of light nuclei and nucleonic matter starting from realistic nuclear interactions and currents. These ab-initio calculations reproduce many low-lying states, moments, and transitions in light nuclei, and simultaneously predict many properties of light nuclei and neutron matter over a rather wide range of energy and momenta. The nuclear interactions and currents are reviewed along with a description of the continuum quantum Monte Carlo methods used in nuclear physics. These methods are similar to those used in condensed matter and electronic structure but naturally include spin-isospin, tensor, spin-orbit, and three-body interactions. A variety of results are presented, including the low-lying spectra of light nuclei, nuclear form factors, and transition matrix elements. Low-energy scattering techniques, studies of the electroweak response of nuclei relevant in electron and neutrino scattering, and the properties of dense nucleonic matter as found in neutron stars are also described. Furthermore, a coherent picture of nuclear structure and dynamics emerges based upon rather simple but realistic interactions and currents.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. di Trento, Trento (Italy); Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Applications, Trento (Italy)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
  5. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861; RMPHAT
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; AC02-06CH11357; AC05-06OR23177
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reviews of Modern Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861
American Physical Society
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; Astronomy and Astrophysics
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1214743