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Title: Anisotropic swelling and microcracking of neutron irradiated Ti 3AlC 2-Ti 5Al 2C 3 materials

M n + 1AX n (MAX) phase materials based on Ti–Al–C have been irradiated at 400 °C (673 K) with fission neutrons to a fluence of 2 × 10 25 n/m 2 (E > 0.1 MeV), corresponding to ~ 2 displacements per atom (dpa). We report preliminary results of microcracking in the Al-containing MAX phase, which contained the phases Ti 3AlC 2 and Ti 5Al 2C 3. Equibiaxial ring-on-ring tests of irradiated coupons showed that samples retained 10% of pre-irradiated strength. Volumetric swelling of up to 4% was observed. Phase analysis and microscopy suggest that anisotropic lattice parameter swelling caused microcracking. Lastly, variants of titanium aluminum carbide may be unsuitable materials for irradiation at light water reactor-relevant temperatures.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scripta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6462
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Temperature Materials Lab. (HTML); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS
OSTI Identifier:
1234339
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460447

Ang, Caen K., Silva, Chinthaka M., Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, and Zinkle, Steven J.. Anisotropic swelling and microcracking of neutron irradiated Ti3AlC2-Ti5Al2C3 materials. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.008.
Ang, Caen K., Silva, Chinthaka M., Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, & Zinkle, Steven J.. Anisotropic swelling and microcracking of neutron irradiated Ti3AlC2-Ti5Al2C3 materials. United States. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.008.
Ang, Caen K., Silva, Chinthaka M., Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, and Zinkle, Steven J.. 2015. "Anisotropic swelling and microcracking of neutron irradiated Ti3AlC2-Ti5Al2C3 materials". United States. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1234339.
@article{osti_1234339,
title = {Anisotropic swelling and microcracking of neutron irradiated Ti3AlC2-Ti5Al2C3 materials},
author = {Ang, Caen K. and Silva, Chinthaka M. and Shih, Chunghao Phillip and Koyanagi, Takaaki and Katoh, Yutai and Zinkle, Steven J.},
abstractNote = {Mn + 1AXn (MAX) phase materials based on Ti–Al–C have been irradiated at 400 °C (673 K) with fission neutrons to a fluence of 2 × 1025 n/m2 (E > 0.1 MeV), corresponding to ~ 2 displacements per atom (dpa). We report preliminary results of microcracking in the Al-containing MAX phase, which contained the phases Ti3AlC2 and Ti5Al2C3. Equibiaxial ring-on-ring tests of irradiated coupons showed that samples retained 10% of pre-irradiated strength. Volumetric swelling of up to 4% was observed. Phase analysis and microscopy suggest that anisotropic lattice parameter swelling caused microcracking. Lastly, variants of titanium aluminum carbide may be unsuitable materials for irradiation at light water reactor-relevant temperatures.},
doi = {10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.008},
journal = {Scripta Materialia},
number = C,
volume = 114,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}