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Title: Sequential single shot X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy at the SACLA free electron laser

In this study, hard X-ray free electron lasers allow for the first time to access dynamics of condensed matter samples ranging from femtoseconds to several hundred seconds. In particular, the exceptional large transverse coherence of the X-ray pulses and the high time-averaged flux promises to reach time and length scales that have not been accessible up to now with storage ring based sources. However, due to the fluctuations originating from the stochastic nature of the self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) process the application of well established techniques such as X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) is challenging. Here we demonstrate a single-shot based sequential XPCS study on a colloidal suspension with a relaxation time comparable to the SACLA free-electron laser pulse repetition rate. High quality correlation functions could be extracted without any indications for sample damage. This opens the way for systematic sequential XPCS experiments at FEL sources.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [1]
  1. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); The Hamburg Centre of Ultrafast Imaging, Hamburg (Germany)
  2. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo (Japan)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. Siegen, Siegen (Germany)
  6. RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; nanoparticles; techniques and instrumentation
OSTI Identifier: