skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Measuring single-shot, picosecond optical damage threshold in Ge, Si, and sapphire with a 5.1-μm laser

Abstract

Optical photonic structures driven by picosecond, GW-class lasers are emerging as promising novel sources of electron beams and high quality X-rays. Due to quadratic dependence on wavelength of the laser ponderomotive potential, the performance of such sources scales very favorably towards longer drive laser wavelengths. However, to take full advantage of photonic structures at mid-IR spectral region, it is important to determine optical breakdown limits of common optical materials. To this end, an experimental study was carried out at a wavelength of 5 µm, using a frequency-doubled CO2 laser source, with 5 ps pulse length. Single-shot optical breakdowns were detected and characterized at different laser intensities, and damage threshold values of 0.2, 0.3, and 7.0 J/cm2, were established for Ge, Si, and sapphire, respectively. As a result, the measured damage threshold values were stable and repeatable within individual data sets, and across varying experimental conditions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC, Santa Monica, CA (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1229525
Report Number(s):
BNL-111611-2015-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2159-3930; R&D Project: KBCH139; KB0202011
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optical Materials Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2159-3930
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Agustsson, R., Pogorelsky, I., Arab, E., Murokh, A., O"Shea, B., Ovodenko, A., Rosenzweig, J., Solovyov, V., and Tilton, R. Measuring single-shot, picosecond optical damage threshold in Ge, Si, and sapphire with a 5.1-μm laser. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1364/OME.5.002835.
Agustsson, R., Pogorelsky, I., Arab, E., Murokh, A., O"Shea, B., Ovodenko, A., Rosenzweig, J., Solovyov, V., & Tilton, R. Measuring single-shot, picosecond optical damage threshold in Ge, Si, and sapphire with a 5.1-μm laser. United States. doi:10.1364/OME.5.002835.
Agustsson, R., Pogorelsky, I., Arab, E., Murokh, A., O"Shea, B., Ovodenko, A., Rosenzweig, J., Solovyov, V., and Tilton, R. Wed . "Measuring single-shot, picosecond optical damage threshold in Ge, Si, and sapphire with a 5.1-μm laser". United States. doi:10.1364/OME.5.002835. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1229525.
@article{osti_1229525,
title = {Measuring single-shot, picosecond optical damage threshold in Ge, Si, and sapphire with a 5.1-μm laser},
author = {Agustsson, R. and Pogorelsky, I. and Arab, E. and Murokh, A. and O"Shea, B. and Ovodenko, A. and Rosenzweig, J. and Solovyov, V. and Tilton, R.},
abstractNote = {Optical photonic structures driven by picosecond, GW-class lasers are emerging as promising novel sources of electron beams and high quality X-rays. Due to quadratic dependence on wavelength of the laser ponderomotive potential, the performance of such sources scales very favorably towards longer drive laser wavelengths. However, to take full advantage of photonic structures at mid-IR spectral region, it is important to determine optical breakdown limits of common optical materials. To this end, an experimental study was carried out at a wavelength of 5 µm, using a frequency-doubled CO2 laser source, with 5 ps pulse length. Single-shot optical breakdowns were detected and characterized at different laser intensities, and damage threshold values of 0.2, 0.3, and 7.0 J/cm2, were established for Ge, Si, and sapphire, respectively. As a result, the measured damage threshold values were stable and repeatable within individual data sets, and across varying experimental conditions.},
doi = {10.1364/OME.5.002835},
journal = {Optical Materials Express},
number = 12,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Laser linac with grating
journal, July 1968


A Proposed Dielectric-Loaded Resonant Laser Accelerator
journal, March 1995


Photonic band gap fiber accelerator
journal, May 2001


Three-dimensional dielectric photonic crystal structures for laser-driven acceleration
journal, January 2008


Waveguides in three-dimensional photonic bandgap materials for particle-accelerator on a chip architectures
journal, January 2012

  • Staude, Isabelle; McGuinness, Christopher; Frölich, Andreas
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.005607

Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure
journal, November 2013

  • Peralta, E. A.; Soong, K.; England, R. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 503, Issue 7474
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12664

Dielectric laser accelerators
journal, December 2014


Proposed few-optical cycle laser-driven particle accelerator structure
journal, November 2006

  • Plettner, T.; Lu, P. P.; Byer, R. L.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.9.111301

Side-coupled slab-symmetric structure for high-gradient acceleration using terahertz power
journal, November 2005

  • Yoder, R. B.; Rosenzweig, J. B.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.8.111301

Stable Charged-Particle Acceleration and Focusing in a Laser Accelerator Using Spatial Harmonics
journal, October 2012


Mid-infrared Laser System Development for Dielectric Laser Accelerators
journal, January 2014


Bright Coherent Ultrahigh Harmonics in the keV X-ray Regime from Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Lasers
journal, June 2012


High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses
journal, November 2014


Breakdown Limits on Gigavolt-per-Meter Electron-Beam-Driven Wakefields in Dielectric Structures
journal, May 2008


Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics
journal, January 1996


Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses
journal, October 2001

  • Schaffer, Chris B.; Brodeur, André; Mazur, Eric
  • Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/12/11/305

Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films
journal, March 2005


Laser ablation thresholds of silicon for different pulse durations: theory and experiment
journal, September 2002


Femtosecond laser damage resistance of oxide and mixture oxide optical coatings
journal, January 2012

  • Mangote, Benoit; Gallais, Laurent; Commandré, Mireille
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.37.001478

Morphology of femtosecond laser-induced structural changes in bulk transparent materials
journal, March 2004

  • Schaffer, Chris B.; Jamison, Alan O.; Mazur, Eric
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1650876

Surface Damage of Crystalline Silicon by low Fluence Femtosecond Laser Pulses
journal, April 2004


Electronic Band Structure of Al2O3, with Comparison to Alon and AIN
journal, March 1990


Optical damage threshold of silicon for ultrafast infrared pulses
conference, October 2007

  • Cowan, Benjamin M.
  • Boulder Damage Symposium XXXIX: Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.753720

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Parametric generation and characterization of femtosecond mid-infrared pulses in ZnGeP_2
    journal, January 2016

    • Wandel, Scott; Lin, Ming-Wei; Yin, Yanchun
    • Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.24.005287