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Title: Antiferromagnetism in EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 single crystals

Single crystals of EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 2Sb 2 were grown from CuAs and CuSb self-flux, respectively. The crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electronic transport properties of the single crystals were investigated by room-temperature x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T, isothermal magnetization M versus magnetic field H, specific heat C p(T), and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements. EuCu 2As 2 crystallizes in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr 2Si 2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), whereas EuCu 2Sb 2 crystallizes in the related primitive tetragonal CaBe 2Ge 2-type structure (space group P4/nmm). The energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and XRD data for the EuCu 2Sb 2 crystals showed the presence of vacancies on the Cu sites, yielding the actual composition EuCu 1.82Sb 2. The ρ(T) and C p(T) data reveal metallic character for both EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is indicated from the χ(T),C p(T), and ρ(T) data for both EuCu 2As 2 (T N = 17.5 K) and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 (T N = 5.1 K). In EuCu 1.82Sb 2, the ordered-state χ(T) and M(H) data suggest either a collinear A-type AFM ordering of Eu +2 spins S = 7/2 or a planar noncollinear AFM structure, withmore » the ordered moments oriented in the tetragonal ab plane in either case. This ordered-moment orientation for the A-type AFM is consistent with calculations with magnetic dipole interactions. As a result, the anisotropic χ(T) and isothermal M(H) data for EuCu 2As 2, also containing Eu +2 spins S = 7/2, strongly deviate from the predictions of molecular field theory for collinear AFM ordering and the AFM structure appears to be both noncollinear and noncoplanar.« less
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin Fur Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany)
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1179724