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Title: Primordial monopoles, proton decay, gravity waves and GUT inflation

Here, we consider non-supersymmetric GUT inflation models in which intermediate mass monopoles may survive inflation because of the restricted number of e-foldings experienced by the accompanying symmetry breaking. Thus, an observable flux of primordial magnetic monopoles, comparable to or a few orders below the Parker limitmay be present in the galaxy. The mass scale associated with the intermediate symmetry breaking is 10 13 GeVfor an observable flux level, with the corresponding monopoles an order of magnitude or so heavier. Examples based on SO(10)and E 6 yield such intermediate mass monopoles carrying respectively two and three units of Dirac magnetic charge. For GUT inflation driven by a gauge singlet scalar field with a Coleman–Weinberg or Higgs potential, compatibility with the Planck measurement of the scalar spectral index yields a Hubble constant (during horizon exit of cosmological scales) H~7–9 ×10 13 GeV, with the tensor to scalar ratio rpredicted to be ≳0.02. Proton lifetime estimates for decays mediated by the superheavy gauge bosons are also provided.
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Mimar Sinan Fine Arts Univ., Istanbul (Turkey)
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physics Letters. Section B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 752; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693
Research Org:
Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1238796