skip to main content


Title: Synthesis of superconducting Nb 3Sn coatings on Nb substrates

In the present work the electrochemical and thermal syntheses of superconductive Nb 3Sn films are investigated. The Nb 3Sn phase is obtained by electrodeposition of Sn layers and Cu intermediate layers onto Nb substrates followed by high temperature diffusion in inert atmosphere. Electrodeposition was performed from aqueous solutions at current densities in the 20 to 50 mA/cm 2 range and at temperatures between 40 and 50°C. Subsequent thermal treatments were realized to obtain the Nb 3Sn superconductive phase. Glow discharge optical emission spectrometry (GDOES) demonstrated that after thermal treatment interdiffusion of Nb and Sn occurred across a thickness of about 13 μm. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) allowed accurately measuring the thickness of the Nb 3Sn phase, whose average for the various types of film samples was between 5.7 and 8.0 μm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed the presence of a cubic Nb 3Sn phase (A15 structure) having (210) preferred orientation. The maximum obtained T c was 17.68 K and the B c20 ranged between 22.5 T and 23.8 T. With the procedure described in the present paper, coating complex shapes cost-effectively becomes possible, which is typical of electrochemical techniques. Furthermore, this approach can be implemented in classical wire processes suchmore » as "Jelly Roll" or "Rod in Tube", or directly used for producing superconducting surfaces. In conclusion, the potential of this method for Superconducting Radiofrequency (SRF) structures is also outlined.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Politecnico di Milano, Milano (Italy)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0953-2048
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Superconductor Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-2048
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Nb3Sn thin films; electrochemical deposition; x-ray diffraction
OSTI Identifier: