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Title: Optical properties of transiently-excited semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials

Ultrafast optical excitation of photocarriers has the potential to transform undoped semiconductor superlattices into semiconductor hyperbolic metamaterials (SHMs). In this paper, we investigate the optical properties associated with such ultrafast topological transitions. We first show reflectance, transmittance, and absorption under TE and TM plane wave incidence. In the unpumped state, the superlattice exhibits a frequency region with high reflectance (>80%) and a region with low reflectance (<1%) for both TE and TM polarizations over a wide range of incidence angles. In contrast, in the photopumped state, the reflectance for both frequencies and polarizations is very low (<1%) for a similar range of angles. Interestingly, this system can function as an all-optical reflection switch on ultrafast timescales. Furthermore, for TM incidence and close to the epsilon-near-zero point of the longitudinal permittivity, directional perfect absorption on ultrafast timescales may also be achieved. Lastly, we discuss the onset of negative refraction in the photopumped state.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2015-8354J
Journal ID: ISSN 2159-3930; 607085
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optical Materials Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2159-3930
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metamaterials; optical properties; subwavelength structures; ultrafast phenomena
OSTI Identifier:
1226175
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1236216