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Title: High Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Telluride

Abstract

Recently, Cu 2-δ S and Cu 2-δ Se were reported to have an ultralow thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit zT. Thus, as a member of the copper chalcogenide group, Cu 2-δ Te is expected to possess superior zTs because Te is less ionic and heavy. However, the zT value is low in the Cu 2Te sintered using spark plasma sintering, which is typically used to fabricate high-density bulk samples. In addition, the extra sintering processes may change the samples’ compositions as well as their physical properties, especially for Cu 2Te, which has many stable and meta-stable phases as well as weaker ionic bonding between Cu and Te as compared with Cu 2S and Cu 2Se. In this study, high-density Cu 2Te samples were obtained using direct annealing without a sintering process. In the absence of sintering processes, the samples’ compositions could be well controlled, leading to substantially reduced carrier concentrations that are close to the optimal value. The electrical transports were optimized, and the thermal conductivity was considerably reduced. The zT values were significantly improved—to 1.1 at 1000 K—which is nearly 100% improvement. Furthermore, this method saves substantial time and cost during the sample’s growth.more » The study demonstrates that Cu 2-δ X (X=S, Se and Te) is the only existing system to show high zTs in the series of compounds composed of three sequential primary group elements.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1226154
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-65307
Journal ID: ISSN 1884-4057
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
NPG Asia Materials (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: NPG Asia Materials (Online); Journal Volume: 7; Related Information: NPG Asia Materials; Journal ID: ISSN 1884-4057
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group Asia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; thermal conductivity; Cu1Te; direct annealing

Citation Formats

He, Ying, Zhang, Tiansong, Shi, Xun, Wei, Su-Huai, and Chen, Lidong. High Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Telluride. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/am.2015.91.
He, Ying, Zhang, Tiansong, Shi, Xun, Wei, Su-Huai, & Chen, Lidong. High Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Telluride. United States. doi:10.1038/am.2015.91.
He, Ying, Zhang, Tiansong, Shi, Xun, Wei, Su-Huai, and Chen, Lidong. Sun . "High Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Telluride". United States. doi:10.1038/am.2015.91. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1226154.
@article{osti_1226154,
title = {High Thermoelectric Performance in Copper Telluride},
author = {He, Ying and Zhang, Tiansong and Shi, Xun and Wei, Su-Huai and Chen, Lidong},
abstractNote = {Recently, Cu 2-δ S and Cu 2-δ Se were reported to have an ultralow thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit zT. Thus, as a member of the copper chalcogenide group, Cu 2-δ Te is expected to possess superior zTs because Te is less ionic and heavy. However, the zT value is low in the Cu2Te sintered using spark plasma sintering, which is typically used to fabricate high-density bulk samples. In addition, the extra sintering processes may change the samples’ compositions as well as their physical properties, especially for Cu2Te, which has many stable and meta-stable phases as well as weaker ionic bonding between Cu and Te as compared with Cu2S and Cu2Se. In this study, high-density Cu2Te samples were obtained using direct annealing without a sintering process. In the absence of sintering processes, the samples’ compositions could be well controlled, leading to substantially reduced carrier concentrations that are close to the optimal value. The electrical transports were optimized, and the thermal conductivity was considerably reduced. The zT values were significantly improved—to 1.1 at 1000 K—which is nearly 100% improvement. Furthermore, this method saves substantial time and cost during the sample’s growth. The study demonstrates that Cu 2-δ X (X=S, Se and Te) is the only existing system to show high zTs in the series of compounds composed of three sequential primary group elements.},
doi = {10.1038/am.2015.91},
journal = {NPG Asia Materials (Online)},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}

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