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Title: A representative-sandwich model for simultaneously coupled mechanical-electrical-thermal simulation of a lithium-ion cell under quasi-static indentation tests

The safety behavior of lithium-ion batteries under external mechanical crush is a critical concern, especially during large scale deployment. We previously presented a sequentially coupled mechanical-electrical-thermal modeling approach for studying mechanical abuse induced short circuit. Here in this work, we study different mechanical test conditions and examine the interaction between mechanical failure and electrical-thermal responses, by developing a simultaneous coupled mechanical-electrical-thermal model. The present work utilizes a single representative-sandwich (RS) to model the full pouch cell with explicit representations for each individual component such as the active material, current collector, separator, etc. Anisotropic constitutive material models are presented to describe the mechanical properties of active materials and separator. The model predicts accurately the force-strain response and fracture of battery structure, simulates the local failure of separator layer, and captures the onset of short circuit for lithium-ion battery cell under sphere indentation tests with three different diameters. Electrical-thermal responses to the three different indentation tests are elaborated and discussed. Lastly, numerical studies are presented to show the potential impact of test conditions on the electrical-thermal behavior of the cell after the occurrence of short circuit.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Computational Science Center
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Transportation and Hydrogen Systems Center
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; WBS1.1.2.406
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 298; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; lithium ion batteries; short circuit; multi-physics simulation; mechanical crush; temperature ramp; indentation
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1250161