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Title: Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment

We describe the design and construction of the low rate neutron calibration sources used in the Daya Bay Reactor Anti-neutrino Experiment. Such sources are free of correlated gamma-neutron emission, which is essential in minimizing induced background in the anti-neutrino detector. Thus, the design characteristics have been validated in the Daya Bay anti-neutrino detector.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [2] ;  [6]
  1. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (China); California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (China)
  5. California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
  6. California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)
  7. California Insitute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-108517-2015-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; R&D Project: PO-022; KA2201020; TRN: US1600722
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 797; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutron sources; 241Am-13C; reactor neutrinos; calibration; θ13; Daya Bay
OSTI Identifier:
1224782
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1247388

Liu, J., Carr, R., Dwyer, D. A., Gu, W. Q., Li, G. S., McKeown, R. D., Qian, X., Tsang, R. H. M., Wu, F. F., and Zhang, C.. Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.003.
Liu, J., Carr, R., Dwyer, D. A., Gu, W. Q., Li, G. S., McKeown, R. D., Qian, X., Tsang, R. H. M., Wu, F. F., & Zhang, C.. Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.003.
Liu, J., Carr, R., Dwyer, D. A., Gu, W. Q., Li, G. S., McKeown, R. D., Qian, X., Tsang, R. H. M., Wu, F. F., and Zhang, C.. 2015. "Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1224782.
@article{osti_1224782,
title = {Neutron calibration sources in the Daya Bay experiment},
author = {Liu, J. and Carr, R. and Dwyer, D. A. and Gu, W. Q. and Li, G. S. and McKeown, R. D. and Qian, X. and Tsang, R. H. M. and Wu, F. F. and Zhang, C.},
abstractNote = {We describe the design and construction of the low rate neutron calibration sources used in the Daya Bay Reactor Anti-neutrino Experiment. Such sources are free of correlated gamma-neutron emission, which is essential in minimizing induced background in the anti-neutrino detector. Thus, the design characteristics have been validated in the Daya Bay anti-neutrino detector.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.003},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 797,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}