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Title: Theoretical spectroscopy study of the low-lying electronic states of UX and UX +, X = F and Cl

Spectroscopic constants (T e, r e, B 0, ω e, ω ex e) have been calculated for the low-lying electronic states of UF, UF +, UCl, and UCl + using complete active space 2nd-order perturbation theory (CASPT2), with a series of correlation consistent basis sets. The latter included those based on both pseudopotential (PP) and all-electron Douglas-Kroll-Hess (DK) Hamiltonians for the U atom. Spin orbit effects were included a posteri using the state interacting method using both PP and Breit Pauli (BP) operators, as well as from exact two-component (X2C) methods for U + and UF +. Complete basis set (CBS) limits were obtained by extrapolation where possible and the PP and BP calculations were compared at their respective CBS limits. The PP-based method was shown to be reliable in calculating spectroscopic constants, in particular when using the state interacting method with CASPT2 energies (SO-CASPT2). The two component calculations were limited by computational resources and could not include electron correlation from the nominally closed shell 6s and 6p orbitals of U. UF and UCl were both calculated to have Ω=9/2 ground states. The first excited state of UCl was calculated to be an Ω=7/2 state at 78 cm -1 asmore » opposed to the same state at 435 cm-1 in UF, and the other low-lying states of UCl showed a similar compression relative to UF. Likewise UF+ and UCl+ both have Ω=4 ground states and the manifold of low-lying excited Ω = 3, 2, 1, 0 states were energetically closer together in UCl + than in UF +, ranging up to 776 cm -1 in UF + and only 438 cm -1 in UCl +. As in previous research, the final PP-based SO-CASPT2 results for UF + and UF agree well with experiment, and are expected to be predictive for UCl and UCl +, which are reported here for the first time.« less
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0008501; FG02-12ER16329
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; UF; UCl; uranium halides; uranium halide cations; ab initio; ground states; excitation energies; spin orbit interactions; electron correlation calculations; electron spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1225988