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Title: Direct determination of solid-electrolyte interphase thickness and composition as a function of state of charge on a silicon anode

Using neutron reflectometry we have determined the thickness and chemistry of the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer grown on a silicon anode as a function of state of charge and during cycling. We show the chemistry of this SEI layer becomes more LiF like with increasing lithiation and more Li-C-O-F like with delithiation. More importantly the SEI layer thickness appears to increase (about 250 ) as the electrode becomes less lithiated and thins to 180 with increasing Li content (Li 3.7Si). We attribute this breathing to the continual consumption of electrolyte with cycling.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 35; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1222554

Veith, Gabriel M., Doucet, Mathieu, Baldwin, J. K., Sacci, Robert L., Fears, Tyler M., Wang, Yongqiang, and Browning, Jim. Direct determination of solid-electrolyte interphase thickness and composition as a function of state of charge on a silicon anode. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06817.
Veith, Gabriel M., Doucet, Mathieu, Baldwin, J. K., Sacci, Robert L., Fears, Tyler M., Wang, Yongqiang, & Browning, Jim. Direct determination of solid-electrolyte interphase thickness and composition as a function of state of charge on a silicon anode. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06817.
Veith, Gabriel M., Doucet, Mathieu, Baldwin, J. K., Sacci, Robert L., Fears, Tyler M., Wang, Yongqiang, and Browning, Jim. 2015. "Direct determination of solid-electrolyte interphase thickness and composition as a function of state of charge on a silicon anode". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06817. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1222554.
@article{osti_1222554,
title = {Direct determination of solid-electrolyte interphase thickness and composition as a function of state of charge on a silicon anode},
author = {Veith, Gabriel M. and Doucet, Mathieu and Baldwin, J. K. and Sacci, Robert L. and Fears, Tyler M. and Wang, Yongqiang and Browning, Jim},
abstractNote = {Using neutron reflectometry we have determined the thickness and chemistry of the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer grown on a silicon anode as a function of state of charge and during cycling. We show the chemistry of this SEI layer becomes more LiF like with increasing lithiation and more Li-C-O-F like with delithiation. More importantly the SEI layer thickness appears to increase (about 250 ) as the electrode becomes less lithiated and thins to 180 with increasing Li content (Li3.7Si). We attribute this breathing to the continual consumption of electrolyte with cycling.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06817},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry. C},
number = 35,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}