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Title: Long Range Ferromagnetic Order in LaCoO 3-δ epitaxial films due to the interplay of epitaxial strain and oxygen vacancy ordering

We demonstrate that a combination of electronic structure modification and oxygen vacancy ordering can stabilize a long-range ferromagnetic ground state in epitaxial LaCoO 3 thin films. Highest saturation magnetization values are found in the thin films in tension on SrTiO 3 and (La,Sr)(Al,Ta)O 3 substrates and the lowest values are found in thin films in compression on LaAlO 3. Electron microscopy reveals oxygen vacancy ordering to varying degrees in all samples, although samples with the highest magnetization are the most defective. Element-specific x-ray absorption techniques reveal the presence of high spin Co 2+ and Co 3+ as well as low spin Co 3+ in different proportions depending on the strain state. The interactions among the high spin Co ions and the oxygen vacancy superstructure are correlated with the stabilization of the long-range ferromagnetic order.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States);Univ. Complutense Madrid (Spain)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231; DESC0008505
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1178590