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Title: Influence of valence electron concentration on Laves phases: Structures and phase stability of pseudo-binary MgZn 2-xPd x

A series of pseudo-binary compounds MgZn 2-xPd x (0.15 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) were synthesized and structurally characterized to understand the role of valence electron concentration (vec) on the prototype Laves phase MgZn 2 with Pd-substitution. Three distinctive phase regions were observed with respect to Pd content, all exhibiting fundamental Laves phase structures: 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 (MgNi 2-type, hP24; MgZn 1.80Pd 0.20(2)), 0.4 ≤ x ≤ 0.6 (MgCu 2-type, cF24; MgZn 1.59Pd 0.41(2)), and 0.62 ≤ x ≤ 0.8 (MgZn 2-type, hP12: MgZn 1.37Pd 0.63(2)). Refinements from single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicated nearly statistical distributions of Pd and Zn atoms among the majority atom sites in these structures. Interestingly, the MgZn 2-type structure re-emerges in MgZn 2–xPd x at x ≈ 0.7 with the refined composition MgZn 1.37(2)Pd 0.63 and a c/a ratio of 1.59 compared to 1.64 for binary MgZn 2. Electronic structure calculations on a model “MgZn 1.25Pd 0.75” yielded a density of states (DOS) curve showing enhancement of a pseudogap at the Fermi level as a result of electronic stabilization due to the Pd addition. Moreover, integrated crystal orbital Hamilton population values show significant increases of orbital interactions for (Zn,Pd)–(Zn,Pd) atom pairs within the majority atommore » substructure, i.e., within the Kagomé nets as well as between a Kagomé net and an apical site, from binary MgZn 2 to the ternary “MgZn 1.25Pd 0.75”. Multi-centered bonding is evident from electron localization function plots for “MgZn 1.25Pd 0.75”, an outcome which is in accordance with analysis of other Laves phases.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-8752
Journal ID: ISSN 0044-2313
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Zeitschrift fuer Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 641; Journal Issue: 8-9; Journal ID: ISSN 0044-2313
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Laves phase; X-ray diffraction; single crystal diffraction; structure determination; electronic structure
OSTI Identifier:
1221935