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Title: Production of extremely low volatile organic compounds from biogenic emissions: Measured yields and atmospheric implications

Abstract

Extremely low volatility organic compounds (ELVOC) are suggested to promote aerosol particle formation and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) production in the atmosphere. We show that the capability of biogenic VOC (BVOC) to produce ELVOC depends strongly on their chemical structure and relative oxidant levels. BVOC with an endocyclic double bond, representative emissions from, e.g., boreal forests, efficiently produce ELVOC from ozonolysis. Compounds with exocyclic double bonds or acyclic compounds including isoprene, emission representative of the tropics, produce minor quantities of ELVOC, and the role of OH radical oxidation is relatively larger. Furthermore, implementing these findings into a global modeling framework shows that detailed assessment of ELVOC production pathways is crucial for understanding biogenic secondary organic aerosol and atmospheric CCN formation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Leibniz-Institut fur Tropospharenforschung (TROPOS), Leipzig (Germany); Univ. of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)
  2. Leibniz-Institut fur Tropospharenforschung (TROPOS), Leipzig (Germany)
  3. Univ. of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)
  4. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland); Aerodyne Research, Inc., Billerica, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1221472
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-110673
Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; autoxidation; ELVOC; monoterpenes; isoprene; new particle formation

Citation Formats

Jokinen, Tuija, Berndt, Torsten, Makkonen, Risto, Kerminen, Veli-Matti, Junninen, Heikki, Paasonen, Pauli, Stratmann, Frank, Herrmann, Hartmut, Guenther, Alex B., Worsnop, Douglas R., Kulmala, Markku, Ehn, Mikael K., and Sipila, Mikko. Production of extremely low volatile organic compounds from biogenic emissions: Measured yields and atmospheric implications. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1423977112.
Jokinen, Tuija, Berndt, Torsten, Makkonen, Risto, Kerminen, Veli-Matti, Junninen, Heikki, Paasonen, Pauli, Stratmann, Frank, Herrmann, Hartmut, Guenther, Alex B., Worsnop, Douglas R., Kulmala, Markku, Ehn, Mikael K., & Sipila, Mikko. Production of extremely low volatile organic compounds from biogenic emissions: Measured yields and atmospheric implications. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1423977112.
Jokinen, Tuija, Berndt, Torsten, Makkonen, Risto, Kerminen, Veli-Matti, Junninen, Heikki, Paasonen, Pauli, Stratmann, Frank, Herrmann, Hartmut, Guenther, Alex B., Worsnop, Douglas R., Kulmala, Markku, Ehn, Mikael K., and Sipila, Mikko. Tue . "Production of extremely low volatile organic compounds from biogenic emissions: Measured yields and atmospheric implications". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1423977112. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1221472.
@article{osti_1221472,
title = {Production of extremely low volatile organic compounds from biogenic emissions: Measured yields and atmospheric implications},
author = {Jokinen, Tuija and Berndt, Torsten and Makkonen, Risto and Kerminen, Veli-Matti and Junninen, Heikki and Paasonen, Pauli and Stratmann, Frank and Herrmann, Hartmut and Guenther, Alex B. and Worsnop, Douglas R. and Kulmala, Markku and Ehn, Mikael K. and Sipila, Mikko},
abstractNote = {Extremely low volatility organic compounds (ELVOC) are suggested to promote aerosol particle formation and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) production in the atmosphere. We show that the capability of biogenic VOC (BVOC) to produce ELVOC depends strongly on their chemical structure and relative oxidant levels. BVOC with an endocyclic double bond, representative emissions from, e.g., boreal forests, efficiently produce ELVOC from ozonolysis. Compounds with exocyclic double bonds or acyclic compounds including isoprene, emission representative of the tropics, produce minor quantities of ELVOC, and the role of OH radical oxidation is relatively larger. Furthermore, implementing these findings into a global modeling framework shows that detailed assessment of ELVOC production pathways is crucial for understanding biogenic secondary organic aerosol and atmospheric CCN formation.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1423977112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 23,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}

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