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Title: The NuMI neutrino beam

Our paper describes the hardware and operations of the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beam at Fermilab. It elaborates on the design considerations for the beam as a whole and for individual elements. The most important part of our design details pertaining to individual components is described. Beam monitoring systems and procedures, including the tuning and alignment of the beam and NuMI long-term performance, are also discussed.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-253-AD-FESS-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1507.06690
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 806; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; neutrinos; long baseline; beam; target; main injector
OSTI Identifier:
1221319
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359621

Adamson, P., Anderson, K., Andrews, M., Andrews, R., Anghel, I., Augustine, D., Aurisano, A., Avvakumov, S., Ayres, D. S., Baller, B., Barish, B., Barr, G., Barrett, W. L., Bernstein, R. H., Biggs, J., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bocean, V., Bock, G. J., Boehnlein, D. J., Bogert, D., Bourkland, K., Cao, S. V., Castromonte, C. M., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Coelho, J. A. B., Cobb, J. H., Corwin, L., Crane, D., Cravens, J. P., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Ducar, R. J., De Jong, J. K., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Erwin, A. R., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Fields, T. H., Ford, R., Frohne, M. V., Gallagher, H. R., Garkusha, V., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grossman, N., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Harding, D., Harris, D., Harris, P. G., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hays, S., Heller, K., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Ibrahim, A., Indurthy, D., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., James, C., Jensen, D., Johnstone, J., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kopp, S., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Laughton, C., Lefeuvre, G., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Loiacono, L., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marchionni, A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Michael, D. G., Milburn, R. H., Miller, J. L., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Morfín, J., Mualem, L., Mufson, S., Murgia, S., Murtagh, M., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O׳Connor, J., Oliver, W. P., Olsen, M., Orchanian, M., Osprey, S., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Para, A., Patterson, R. B., Patzak, T., Pavlović, Ž., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Peterson, E. A., Petyt, D. A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Prieto, P., Pushka, D., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Ratchford, J., Rebel, B., Reilly, R., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Ruddick, K., Sanchez, M. C., Saoulidou, N., Sauer, L., Schneps, J., Schoo, D., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Shanahan, P., Sharma, R., Smart, W., Smith, C., Sousa, A., Stefanik, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Tassotto, G., Thomas, J., Thompson, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Tinsley, D., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Trostin, I., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vaziri, K., Villegas, E., Viren, B., Vogel, G., Webber, R. C., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., Wehmann, A., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., Wong-Squires, M. L., Yang, T., Yumiceva, F. X., Zarucheisky, V., and Zwaska, R.. The NuMI neutrino beam. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063.
Adamson, P., Anderson, K., Andrews, M., Andrews, R., Anghel, I., Augustine, D., Aurisano, A., Avvakumov, S., Ayres, D. S., Baller, B., Barish, B., Barr, G., Barrett, W. L., Bernstein, R. H., Biggs, J., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bocean, V., Bock, G. J., Boehnlein, D. J., Bogert, D., Bourkland, K., Cao, S. V., Castromonte, C. M., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Coelho, J. A. B., Cobb, J. H., Corwin, L., Crane, D., Cravens, J. P., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Ducar, R. J., De Jong, J. K., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Erwin, A. R., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Fields, T. H., Ford, R., Frohne, M. V., Gallagher, H. R., Garkusha, V., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grossman, N., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Harding, D., Harris, D., Harris, P. G., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hays, S., Heller, K., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Ibrahim, A., Indurthy, D., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., James, C., Jensen, D., Johnstone, J., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kopp, S., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Laughton, C., Lefeuvre, G., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Loiacono, L., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marchionni, A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Michael, D. G., Milburn, R. H., Miller, J. L., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Morfín, J., Mualem, L., Mufson, S., Murgia, S., Murtagh, M., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O׳Connor, J., Oliver, W. P., Olsen, M., Orchanian, M., Osprey, S., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Para, A., Patterson, R. B., Patzak, T., Pavlović, Ž., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Peterson, E. A., Petyt, D. A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Prieto, P., Pushka, D., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Ratchford, J., Rebel, B., Reilly, R., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Ruddick, K., Sanchez, M. C., Saoulidou, N., Sauer, L., Schneps, J., Schoo, D., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Shanahan, P., Sharma, R., Smart, W., Smith, C., Sousa, A., Stefanik, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Tassotto, G., Thomas, J., Thompson, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Tinsley, D., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Trostin, I., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vaziri, K., Villegas, E., Viren, B., Vogel, G., Webber, R. C., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., Wehmann, A., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., Wong-Squires, M. L., Yang, T., Yumiceva, F. X., Zarucheisky, V., & Zwaska, R.. The NuMI neutrino beam. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063.
Adamson, P., Anderson, K., Andrews, M., Andrews, R., Anghel, I., Augustine, D., Aurisano, A., Avvakumov, S., Ayres, D. S., Baller, B., Barish, B., Barr, G., Barrett, W. L., Bernstein, R. H., Biggs, J., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bocean, V., Bock, G. J., Boehnlein, D. J., Bogert, D., Bourkland, K., Cao, S. V., Castromonte, C. M., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Coelho, J. A. B., Cobb, J. H., Corwin, L., Crane, D., Cravens, J. P., Cronin-Hennessy, D., Ducar, R. J., De Jong, J. K., Devan, A. V., Devenish, N. E., Diwan, M. V., Erwin, A. R., Escobar, C. O., Evans, J. J., Falk, E., Feldman, G. J., Fields, T. H., Ford, R., Frohne, M. V., Gallagher, H. R., Garkusha, V., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Gouffon, P., Graf, N., Gran, R., Grossman, N., Grzelak, K., Habig, A., Hahn, S. R., Harding, D., Harris, D., Harris, P. G., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hays, S., Heller, K., Holin, A., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Ibrahim, A., Indurthy, D., Irwin, G. M., Isvan, Z., Jaffe, D. E., James, C., Jensen, D., Johnstone, J., Kafka, T., Kasahara, S. M. S., Koizumi, G., Kopp, S., Kordosky, M., Kreymer, A., Lang, K., Laughton, C., Lefeuvre, G., Ling, J., Litchfield, P. J., Loiacono, L., Lucas, P., Mann, W. A., Marchionni, A., Marshak, M. L., Mayer, N., McGivern, C., Medeiros, M. M., Mehdiyev, R., Meier, J. R., Messier, M. D., Michael, D. G., Milburn, R. H., Miller, J. L., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Moed Sher, S., Moore, C. D., Morfín, J., Mualem, L., Mufson, S., Murgia, S., Murtagh, M., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Newman, H. B., Nichol, R. J., Nowak, J. A., O׳Connor, J., Oliver, W. P., Olsen, M., Orchanian, M., Osprey, S., Pahlka, R. B., Paley, J., Para, A., Patterson, R. B., Patzak, T., Pavlović, Ž., Pawloski, G., Perch, A., Peterson, E. A., Petyt, D. A., Pfützner, M. M., Phan-Budd, S., Plunkett, R. K., Poonthottathil, N., Prieto, P., Pushka, D., Qiu, X., Radovic, A., Rameika, R. A., Ratchford, J., Rebel, B., Reilly, R., Rosenfeld, C., Rubin, H. A., Ruddick, K., Sanchez, M. C., Saoulidou, N., Sauer, L., Schneps, J., Schoo, D., Schreckenberger, A., Schreiner, P., Shanahan, P., Sharma, R., Smart, W., Smith, C., Sousa, A., Stefanik, A., Tagg, N., Talaga, R. L., Tassotto, G., Thomas, J., Thompson, J., Thomson, M. A., Tian, X., Timmons, A., Tinsley, D., Tognini, S. C., Toner, R., Torretta, D., Trostin, I., Tzanakos, G., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vaziri, K., Villegas, E., Viren, B., Vogel, G., Webber, R. C., Weber, A., Webb, R. C., Wehmann, A., White, C., Whitehead, L., Whitehead, L. H., Wojcicki, S. G., Wong-Squires, M. L., Yang, T., Yumiceva, F. X., Zarucheisky, V., and Zwaska, R.. 2015. "The NuMI neutrino beam". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1221319.
@article{osti_1221319,
title = {The NuMI neutrino beam},
author = {Adamson, P. and Anderson, K. and Andrews, M. and Andrews, R. and Anghel, I. and Augustine, D. and Aurisano, A. and Avvakumov, S. and Ayres, D. S. and Baller, B. and Barish, B. and Barr, G. and Barrett, W. L. and Bernstein, R. H. and Biggs, J. and Bishai, M. and Blake, A. and Bocean, V. and Bock, G. J. and Boehnlein, D. J. and Bogert, D. and Bourkland, K. and Cao, S. V. and Castromonte, C. M. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Coelho, J. A. B. and Cobb, J. H. and Corwin, L. and Crane, D. and Cravens, J. P. and Cronin-Hennessy, D. and Ducar, R. J. and De Jong, J. K. and Devan, A. V. and Devenish, N. E. and Diwan, M. V. and Erwin, A. R. and Escobar, C. O. and Evans, J. J. and Falk, E. and Feldman, G. J. and Fields, T. H. and Ford, R. and Frohne, M. V. and Gallagher, H. R. and Garkusha, V. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Gouffon, P. and Graf, N. and Gran, R. and Grossman, N. and Grzelak, K. and Habig, A. and Hahn, S. R. and Harding, D. and Harris, D. and Harris, P. G. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hays, S. and Heller, K. and Holin, A. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Ibrahim, A. and Indurthy, D. and Irwin, G. M. and Isvan, Z. and Jaffe, D. E. and James, C. and Jensen, D. and Johnstone, J. and Kafka, T. and Kasahara, S. M. S. and Koizumi, G. and Kopp, S. and Kordosky, M. and Kreymer, A. and Lang, K. and Laughton, C. and Lefeuvre, G. and Ling, J. and Litchfield, P. J. and Loiacono, L. and Lucas, P. and Mann, W. A. and Marchionni, A. and Marshak, M. L. and Mayer, N. and McGivern, C. and Medeiros, M. M. and Mehdiyev, R. and Meier, J. R. and Messier, M. D. and Michael, D. G. and Milburn, R. H. and Miller, J. L. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Moed Sher, S. and Moore, C. D. and Morfín, J. and Mualem, L. and Mufson, S. and Murgia, S. and Murtagh, M. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nelson, J. K. and Newman, H. B. and Nichol, R. J. and Nowak, J. A. and O׳Connor, J. and Oliver, W. P. and Olsen, M. and Orchanian, M. and Osprey, S. and Pahlka, R. B. and Paley, J. and Para, A. and Patterson, R. B. and Patzak, T. and Pavlović, Ž. and Pawloski, G. and Perch, A. and Peterson, E. A. and Petyt, D. A. and Pfützner, M. M. and Phan-Budd, S. and Plunkett, R. K. and Poonthottathil, N. and Prieto, P. and Pushka, D. and Qiu, X. and Radovic, A. and Rameika, R. A. and Ratchford, J. and Rebel, B. and Reilly, R. and Rosenfeld, C. and Rubin, H. A. and Ruddick, K. and Sanchez, M. C. and Saoulidou, N. and Sauer, L. and Schneps, J. and Schoo, D. and Schreckenberger, A. and Schreiner, P. and Shanahan, P. and Sharma, R. and Smart, W. and Smith, C. and Sousa, A. and Stefanik, A. and Tagg, N. and Talaga, R. L. and Tassotto, G. and Thomas, J. and Thompson, J. and Thomson, M. A. and Tian, X. and Timmons, A. and Tinsley, D. and Tognini, S. C. and Toner, R. and Torretta, D. and Trostin, I. and Tzanakos, G. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vaziri, K. and Villegas, E. and Viren, B. and Vogel, G. and Webber, R. C. and Weber, A. and Webb, R. C. and Wehmann, A. and White, C. and Whitehead, L. and Whitehead, L. H. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wong-Squires, M. L. and Yang, T. and Yumiceva, F. X. and Zarucheisky, V. and Zwaska, R.},
abstractNote = {Our paper describes the hardware and operations of the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beam at Fermilab. It elaborates on the design considerations for the beam as a whole and for individual elements. The most important part of our design details pertaining to individual components is described. Beam monitoring systems and procedures, including the tuning and alignment of the beam and NuMI long-term performance, are also discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 806,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}