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Title: Segmented beryllium target for a 2 MW super beam facility

The Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF, formerly the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment) is under design as a next generation neutrino oscillation experiment, with primary objectives to search for CP violation in the leptonic sector, to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to provide a precise measurement of θ 23. The facility will generate a neutrino beam at Fermilab by the interaction of a proton beam with a target material. At the ultimate anticipated proton beam power of 2.3 MW the target material must dissipate a heat load of between 10 and 25 kW depending on the target size. This paper presents a target concept based on an array of spheres and compares it to a cylindrical monolithic target such as that which currently operates at the T2K facility. Thus simulation results show that the proposed technology offers efficient cooling and lower stresses whilst delivering a neutrino production comparable with that of a conventional solid cylindrical target.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-408-AD
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402; PRABFM
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS
OSTI Identifier:
1215782
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1235045

Davenne, T., Caretta, O., Densham, C., Fitton, M., Loveridge, P., Hurh, P., Zwaska, R., Hylen, J., and Papadimitriou, V.. Segmented beryllium target for a 2 MW super beam facility. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.091003.
Davenne, T., Caretta, O., Densham, C., Fitton, M., Loveridge, P., Hurh, P., Zwaska, R., Hylen, J., & Papadimitriou, V.. Segmented beryllium target for a 2 MW super beam facility. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.091003.
Davenne, T., Caretta, O., Densham, C., Fitton, M., Loveridge, P., Hurh, P., Zwaska, R., Hylen, J., and Papadimitriou, V.. 2015. "Segmented beryllium target for a 2 MW super beam facility". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.091003.
@article{osti_1215782,
title = {Segmented beryllium target for a 2 MW super beam facility},
author = {Davenne, T. and Caretta, O. and Densham, C. and Fitton, M. and Loveridge, P. and Hurh, P. and Zwaska, R. and Hylen, J. and Papadimitriou, V.},
abstractNote = {The Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF, formerly the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment) is under design as a next generation neutrino oscillation experiment, with primary objectives to search for CP violation in the leptonic sector, to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to provide a precise measurement of θ23. The facility will generate a neutrino beam at Fermilab by the interaction of a proton beam with a target material. At the ultimate anticipated proton beam power of 2.3 MW the target material must dissipate a heat load of between 10 and 25 kW depending on the target size. This paper presents a target concept based on an array of spheres and compares it to a cylindrical monolithic target such as that which currently operates at the T2K facility. Thus simulation results show that the proposed technology offers efficient cooling and lower stresses whilst delivering a neutrino production comparable with that of a conventional solid cylindrical target.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.091003},
journal = {Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams},
number = 9,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}