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Title: Characterization of deuterium clusters mixed with helium gas for an application in beam-target-fusion experiments

We measured the average deuterium cluster size within a mixture of deuterium clusters and helium gas by detecting Rayleigh scattering signals. The average cluster size from the gas mixture was comparable to that from a pure deuterium gas when the total backing pressure and temperature of the gas mixture were the same as those of the pure deuterium gas. According to these measurements, the average size of deuterium clusters depends on the total pressure and not the partial pressure of deuterium in the gas mixture. To characterize the cluster source size further, a Faraday cup was used to measure the average kinetic energy of the ions resulting from Coulomb explosion of deuterium clusters upon irradiation by an intense ultrashort pulse. The deuterium ions indeed acquired a similar amount of energy from the mixture target, corroborating our measurements of the average cluster size. As the addition of helium atoms did not reduce the resulting ion kinetic energies, the reported results confirm the utility of using a known cluster source for beam-target-fusion experiments by introducing a secondary target gas.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  3. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  4. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); LNS-INFN, Catania (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1539-3755; PLEEE8
Grant/Contract Number:
FC52-08NA28512; AC52-06NA25396; FG03-93ER40773; A0330
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (Print); Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1539-3755
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY laser cluster fusion; cluster size; Rayleigh scattering; plasma